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Portrait of the Shawnee armed forces and political leader Tecumseh, ca. 1800-1813. He operated via his brother Tenskwatawa, recognized as "The Prophet," to unite Amerideserve to Indian tribes in the Northwest Territory to defend themselves against white settlers.

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Throughout the at an early stage 1800s, Tecumseh, a leader of the Shawnee, attempted to unite Amerideserve to Indian tribes west of the Appalachian Mountains right into a confederation. Tecumseh believed that the land also did not belong to a single tribe. In reality, no one owned the land also other than for the Master of Life, the Shawnees" principal god. Tecumseh thought that the only method that American Indians could deliver land to the Americans was if every people agreed to it. Tecumseh wanted to pressure the Americans to address all of the people in uniboy. Separately, the individual tribes did not have much power. Together, Tecumseh hoped, they would certainly be a significant deterrent to white growth.

Tecumseh defined his views in a letter to William Henry Harrikid in 1810:

. . .the only means to stop this evil , is for all the red males to unite in claiming a prevalent and equal best in the land also as it was at initially, and have to be now - for it never before was divided, but belongs to all. . . .Sell a country! Why not sell the air, the clouds and the great sea, and also the earth? Did not the Great Spirit make them all for the use of his children?

In his search, Tecumseh obtained assistance from his younger brother Tenskwatawa. Knvery own as the Prophet, Tenskwatawa thought that the Amerideserve to Indians had to end their reliance on American products, such as alcohol, iron cookware, and also guns. The Indians had actually angered the Master of Life by ending up being dependent on these items. If the Amerideserve to Indians forsook them, the Master of Life would reward his followers by driving the Americans from their land also. Many Indians discovered the Prophet"s message appealing and also began to congregate at his village, Prophetstown, in the Indiana Territory.

Tecumseh provided his brother"s influence to convince the Amerideserve to Indians to put aside their typical distinctions and also unite together against the whites. He likewise saw many type of people west of the Appalachian Mountains and also east of the Mississippi River seeking extra assistance for his confederation. Tecumseh was a firm believer that even more world analyzed into more power. While most tribes listened to Tecumseh"s proposal, many type of rejected his concepts. This was especially true of Indians in modern Tennescheck out, Georgia, and Mississippi. Many of the Prophet"s followers embraced white commodities and also customizeds. They did not want to lose access to these items. Tecumseh had actually even more success in Ohio, Kentucky, and also the Indiana Territory, locations that whites had been attempting to settle considering that before the French and also Indian War.

Unfortunately for the Amerideserve to Indians in the region, Tecumseh"s Confederacy failed. Many kind of American Indians refprovided to relinquish their white methods and end their friendships through the Americans. The Anglo-Amerihave the right to settlers likewise substantially outnumbered the American Indians and had actually better accessibility to firearms and also ammunition. As Tecumseh"s followers started to converge at Prophetstown, he also could not provide them through enough food and also shelter. To gain white products, American Indians involved in the fur profession via the Americans. This profession significantly diminished the pet population in Ohio, Kentucky, and the Indiana Territory, leaving the Indians through much less to eat.

In 1811, William Henry Harrison led an Amerideserve to army versus Prophetstvery own. Tecumseh was seeking allies in the southerly component of the USA. Although Tecumseh had actually asked his brvarious other not to strike the Americans in his absence, the Prophet did strike. When Tecumseh changed, Prophetstown no much longer existed. The natives had abandoned it, and Harrison had then ruined it. Many kind of of his followers, hungry and also beat, went back to their previous villeras. They were unwilling to aid Tecumseh in creating his confederation. Tecumseh did attempt to reproduce his confederacy, yet he had only limited success. Tecumseh"s pursuit formally finished in 1813, with his death at the Battle of the Thames in the War of 1812.

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See Also


Hurt, R. Douglas. The Ohio Frontier: Crucible of the Old Northwest, 1720-1830. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1996.
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