Consider the risks for a constitutional democracy of this potentially explosive mixture: a stalemated battle, an unfamous president, and a defiant general with a arrangement for victory and also a huge public following. In the somber spring of 1951, Senators Ricdifficult Rusoffer and Tom Connally sshould diffuse this impending crisis by arranging for the committees they chaired—Armed Services and also Fopower Relations—to conduct a collection of joint hearings. The topic of their inquiry was General Douglas MacArthur. Three weeks before, on April 11, 1951, President Harry Truguy had actually fired MacArthur as commander of the United Nations" pressures in the Korean War. Trumale and the mercurial MacArthur had actually long disagreed about the finest means to finish the stalemate on the Korean peninsula. MacArthur preferred launching an attack on China; Trumale sought diplomacy. When MacArthur publicly criticized his commander in chief, a furious Truguy sacked him. Many congressional Republicans thought about the famous, decorated war hero to be a potential presidential candidate. After he returned to the United States and delivered his "farewell address" to a tumultuous joint meeting of Congress on April 19, MacArthur rode in a massive parade from the Capitol to the Washington Monument. Two days later, millions turned out to obtain the general in a ticker-tape parade in New York City. Against this backdrop, Senator Rusmarket, as chairmale of the joint hearings, carried out the proceedings via great deliberation, providing for a complete exadjust of views. Realizing that the testimony would certainly incorporate highly sensitive war-associated testimony, yet likewise mindful of the value of making these discussions easily accessible to avoid trouble-resulting in leaks, Rusmarket arranged a deteriorate. The joint committee would certainly conduct the sessions in key, but would release sanitized transcripts eincredibly 30 minutes to reporters crowded external the Caucus Room"s heavily guarded doors. In 3 days of testimony, which began on May 3, 1951, MacArthur weakened his own instance with vague and overproclaimed responses. He observed that his troubles came from the political leaders in Washington who had actually presented "a brand-new idea right into army operations—the idea of appeasement." When MacArthur was asked whether he thought his plan for battle China could trigger one more civilization battle, he oboffered that this was not his area of duty. His instance was fatally weakened via testimony from senior armed forces leaders who strongly disagreed with MacArthur"s plan. After seven weeks of exhaustive testimony, the public lost interemainder. By completely airing this dangerous worry, Chairguy Russell avoided a political conflagration and also brilliantly demonstrated the slrfc.org"s proverbial duty as the saucer into which the hot tea is poured to be safely cooled.


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