L>TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRDTO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD (1962). Gregory Peck. Atticus Finch defends Tom Robinkid that is falsely accused of raping Mayella Ewell. ************** straight of Sheriff Tate *********..........On the night of August 2first, I was simply leaving my office to go home as soon as Bob, Mr. Ewell, came in. Very excited he was, and also he said to acquire to his houseas quick as I can. That his girl had been raped. I acquired in my auto and went out tbelow as quick as I can. She was pretty well beat up. I asked her if TomRobinson beat her like that. She said yes, he had actually. I asked if he"d taken advantage of her. She sassist yes, he did. That"s all tright here was to it.Prosecutor: Thank you. **************** cross ***********Defense: Did anybody speak to a physician, sheriff?A: No sir.Q: Why not?A: Well I didn"t think it was crucial. She was pretty well beat up. Something certain happened--it was ugly. Q: Now Sheriff, you say she was mighty beat up. In what way?A: Well she was bconsumed roughly the head. Tbelow was bruises already comin out her armsShe had actually a babsence eye beginning.Q: Which eye?A: Well she, her left.Q: Well, now, was that was her left facing you, or looking the means that you were? A: I guess that would make it her appropriate eye. It was her best eye, Mr. Pierce. She was bconsumed up that side of her face.Q: Which side again, Hank?A: The best side. She had bruises on her arms. She confirmed me her neck. There were definite finger marks on her gullet.Q: All roughly her neck at the ago of the throat?A: I"d say they were all roughly.Judge: Witness may be seated.************* direct of Bob Ewell ***********Bailiff: Do you swear to tell the fact, the totality fact and nothing yet the reality so aid you god?A: I carry out.Bailiff: Sit down please.Q: Now, Mr. Ewell, you tell us, simply in your own words what occurred on August 21st.A: Well, that night I was coming in from the timber through a fill of kindling and also I heard Mayella screaming as I acquired to the fence. So I dropped my kindling and also Irun just as quick as I could however I run right into the fence. When I acquired loose I run up to the home window and I checked out him via my Mayella. (pointing at defendant).Q: What did you carry out after you witnessed the defendant?A: I run approximately the residence trying to obtain in but he done run with the front door just ahead of me. But I watched who it was all ideal. I watched him. And I run in thehome and pulled Mayella up and also I run for Mr. Teagues just as quick as I can.Prosecutor: Thank you Mr. Ewell.********* cross *************.Q: Folks were doing most running that night. Let"s see currently, you say that you ran to the residence, you rant to the home window, you ran inside. You ran to Mayella. Due to the fact that you were doing all this running why didn"t you run to the doctor?A: Wasn"t no must. I observed who done it. Q: Do you agree with the sheriff"s description?A: I agree with whatever Mr. Tate said. Mighty beat up.Q: All ideal now, Mr. Ewell. Can you review and compose.A: Yes Mr. Finch, I can check out and I have the right to write.Q: Good. Then would certainly you write your name. Right there. Would you display us?(Witness writes his name via his left hand also.)Q: You are left-handed, Mr. Ewell.A: What"s that gained to perform via that, judge? I"m a god-fearing man. Atticus Finch is trying to take advantage of me. You obtained to watch tricky slrfc.orgyers favor AtticusFinch.Judge: Quiet, quiet, then. The witness may take his seat.************ direct of victim ***********Bailiff: Mayella Ewell. Placed your hand also on the bible please. Do you swear to tell the reality the entirety reality so assist you god?(Mayella nods.)Prosecution: Now Mayella intend you tell us simply what occurred, huh?A: Well, Sir, I was sitting on the porch and he come along tbelow was this old shifarobe in the yard and also I shelp. You come in here boy and bust up this shifarobeand I"ll provide you a nickel and he came on in the yard and also went in the house to get the nickel and I rotate about before I know it he"s on me and also I fought andhollered yet he had me about the neck and he hit me aobtain and also again . And the next point I knew papa"s in the room standin" over me hollerin", "Who done it? Who done it?" Prosecution: Thank you Mayella. Your witness, Atticus.Defense: Now Miss Mayella, is your father great to you? I suppose, is he straightforward to obtain along with?A: Just tolerable.Q: Except when he"s drinking. When he"s riled, has actually he ever bconsumed you?A: My pa"s never before touched a hair on my head in my life.Q: Your saying you asked Tom to come in and chop up a--what was it?A: A shifarobe.Q: Was that the initially time that you ever before asked him to come inside the fence?A: Yes.Q: Didn"t you ever ask him to come inside the fence before?A: I might"ve.Q: Can you remember any kind of various other occasion?A: No.Q: You say, "He caught me, he choked me, and also he took benefit of me," is that right? Do you remember him beating you around the face?A: No, I don"t recollect if he hit me. I mean yes, he hit me, he hit me. Q: Thank you. Now will certainly you recognize the guy who beat you.A: I will certainly. I a lot of certainly will. Sitting ideal yonder. (She points at Tom)Q: Tom, will certainly you stand also up please. Let Miss Mayella have actually a great long look at you. Tom, will you catch this please? (Atticus throws a glass to Tom, whocatches it with his appropriate hand.) Thank you. Now then, this time will certainly you please capture it with your left hand?Defendant: I can not, sir. Q: Why can not you?A: I can"t usage my left hand also at all. I gained it caught in a cotton gin once I was 12 years old. All my muscles were tore loose.Q : Is this the man who raped you?A: It most certainly is.Q: How?A: I don"t recognize how. He done it he done it.Q: You have testified that he choked you and also he beat you. You didn"t say that he sneaked up behind you and he knocked you out cold but that you turnedapproximately and also tright here he was. You desire to tell us what really happened?A: (Crying) I obtained something to say and then I ain"t gonna say no even more. He took advantage of me and also if you fine elaborate gentleguys ain"t gonna perform nopoint aboutit, then you"re just a bunch of lousy yellow stinking cowards the whole bunch of you and also your sophisticated airs do not involved nothing. Your manners and also your MissMayellas, it don"t come to nothing, Mr.Finch (She breaks down.)Judge: Sit dvery own tbelow. Atticus? Mr. Gilmer.Prosecution: The state rests, Judge.************** direct of accprovided ***********Bailiff: Tom Robinboy, take the stand. Do you swear to tell the fact, the totality reality, and also nothing however the reality so assist you god?A: I execute.Bailiff: Sit down.Q: Now Tom, were you acquainted through Mayella Violet Ewell?A: Yes sir. I had to pass her location going to it from the field eextremely day.Q: Is tright here any type of various other method to go?A: No sir, none"s I recognize of.Q: And did she ever speak to you?A: Why yes, sir. I tipped my hat as soon as I go by. Then one day she asked me to come in and also bust up a shifarobe for her. She offered me the hatchet and I damaged itup. And then she sassist I reckon I"ll need to offer you a nickel, won"t I?Q: I said, "No ma"am, there ain"t no charge."A: Then I went home. Mr. Finch, that was means last spring, means over a year back.Q: And did you ever go on the place again?A: Yes sir.Q: When?A: Well, I, I went many times. It appeared prefer every time I passed by yonder, she"d have actually some little something for me to perform, chopping kindling and also totingwater for her.Q: Tom, what occurred to you on the evening of August 2first, last year?A: Finch, I was going residence as usual that evening, once I passed the Ewell location, through Mayella on the porch, favor she shelp she was. And she shelp for me tocome tbelow and help her a minute. Well, I went inside the fence and also I looked around for some kindling to occupational on, but I didn"t see none. And then she sassist tocome in the home, she has a door requirements addressing, so I adheres to her inside and also I looked at the door, and also it looked all right. Then she shut the door. All the time, Iwas wondering why it was so quiet-choose. Then it come to me. Tright here was not a child on the place. And I sassist, Miss Mayella, where are the kids. She said,they all gone to get ice cream. She shelp it took her a slap year to save seven nickels, yet she done it, and they all gone to town.Q: What did you say then?A: Uh, I shelp somepoint like, uh, "Why Miss Mayella, that"s best nice of you to treat "em." She said, "You think so?" "Well," I said, "I best be going." Icouldn"t execute nothing for her and also she shelp Oh yes I could, and I asked her what. And she sassist to simply step on the chair yonder and get that box dvery own from on topof the shifarobe. So I done like she told me and I was reaching, when the next thing I recognize she ordered me approximately the legs. She scared me so poor I hoppeddown and also turned the chair over. That was the just thing, the only furniture disturbed in the room, Mr. Finch, I swear, when I left it.Q: And what happened after you turned the chair over? Tom? You"ve sworn to tell the entirety fact. Will you perform it? What occurred after that?A: Mr. Finch. I obtained dvery own off the chair and I turned around. And she sort of jumped on me and also hugged me approximately the waist. She reached up and also kissed me onthe face. She sassist she"d never kissed a grvery own man before and also she can as well kiss me. She asked for me to kiss her back. I sassist, "Miss Mayella let me out ofright here." And I tried to run. Mr. Ewell cussed at her from the home window, said he"s gonna kill her.Q: And what occurred after that?A: I was running so quick, I do not understand what happened. Q: Tom, did you rape Mayella Ewell?A: I did not, sir.Q: Did you damage her in any way?A: I did not.*************** cross ************Prosecution (who has had his feet up on his chair, dangling off the side.): Mr. Robinboy, you"re pretty excellent at busting up shifarobes and kindling through onehand also, aren"t you? Strong enough to choke the breath out of a woman and sling her to the floor?A: I never before done that sir.Q: But you"re strong sufficient to.A: I reckon so, sir.Q: Uh-huh. How come you so all-fired anxious to execute that woman"s chores? A: Looks favor she didn"t have actually nobody to assist her. Like I sassist, she--Q: With Mr. Ewell and salso youngsters on the place? You did all this chopping and also work out of sheer goodness, boy? You a mighty excellent fella, it appears. Youdid all that for not one penny?A: Yes sir. I felt right sorry for her. She seemed--Q: You felt sorry for her? A white woman? You felt sorry for her?**************** defense closing discussion ***********To start with, this instance need to never before have actually pertained to trial. The state has not developed one iota of clinical proof that the crime Tom Robinboy is charged withever before took place. It has relied instead upon the testimony of two witnesses whose evidence has not just been called right into severe question on cross examination,but has actually been flatly contradicted by the defendant. Tright here is circumstantial proof to show that Mayella Ewell was bconsumed savagely by someone that lednearly specifically through his left. And Tom Robinson currently sits prior to you, having taken the oath via the only great hand he possesses, his right. I have actually nothinghowever pity in my heart for the chief witness for the state. She is the victim of cruel poverty and ignorance. But my pity does not extfinish so much as to her putting aman"s life at stake, which she has actually done in an effort to get rid of her own guilt, I say guilt, gentlemale, because it was guilt that encouraged her. She has actually committedno crime. She has just broken a rigid and time-honored code of our society, a code so severe is hounded from our midst, is unfit to live through. She mustruin the evidence of her offense. But what was the evidence of her offense? Tom Robinboy, a humale being. She have to put Tom Robinkid away from her.Tom Robinson was to her a everyday reminder of what she did. Now what did she do? She tempted a Negro. She was white and she tempted a negro. She didsomething that in our society was unspeakable. She kissed a black man. Not an old uncle, however a solid young Negro male. No code mattered to her prior to shedamaged it, yet it came crashing dvery own on her thereafter. The witnesses for the state, via the exemption of the sheriff for Macon county, have presentedthemselves to you gentleman, to this court, in the cynical confidence that their testimony would certainly not be questioned. Confident that you gentleman would certainly go alongthrough them on the assumption, the evil assumption, that all Negroes lie, that all negroes are all basically imethical beings. All Negro men are not to be trustedaround our woguys. That presumption one associates via minds of their caliber, and which is in itself a lie, which I execute not should point out to you. And so, aquiet, humble, respectable Negro who has had actually the unmitigated temerity to feel sorry for a white woguy has actually had actually to put his word against two white human being. Thedefendant is not guilty, but somebody in this courtroom is. Now gentleman, in this nation, our courts are the good levelers. In our courts, all males are createdequal. I"m no idealist to think firmly in the integrity of our courts and also our jury mechanism. That"s no ideal to me, that is a living, functioning reality. Now I amconfident that you gentlemen will testimonial without passion the evidence that you have heard, concerned a decision, and also restore this guy to his household. In the nameof God do your duty.


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In the name of God think Tom Robinkid.