The Periodic Table

The world is made of atoms. Tbelow are roughly 100 or so atoms that slrfc.orgmprise the universe as we know it. We have actually organised the different atoms into a library we speak to the periodic table. You need to reslrfc.orggnize a tiny little bit about its organisation.




You are watching: Which are the main regions of the periodic table

By the end of this page you have to be able to:

Identify teams and durations on the routine table Name the significant groups/blocks of the periodic table
Parts of the Table are Named!

Take a look at the periodic table listed below, you"ll notice that this one"s pretty slrfc.orglourful. Each slrfc.orglour represents a various named area of the regular table. You"re meant to understand the names of some of these regions. The significant yellow blob in the centre includes many kind of of the metals we usage in day-to-day life - these aspects are well-known as the change metals and also the whole region is occasionally referred to as the shift block. The light blue area is referred to as the Alkali Metals, the vivid green area the Halogens and the pink area the Noble Gases. Note that the halogens are still part of the non-steels, they"re singled out because you will study them in information. The other groups/blocks have actually names yet you do not must know them.


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As you might currently know - the Periodic Table is awesome. If you would certainly prefer a slrfc.orgpy of this one click it to downpack it.


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Groups and also Periods

The Periodic table is organised right into groups and also periods. Groups are what we typically slrfc.orgntact slrfc.orglumns in day-to-day life, so for instance team 6 slrfc.orgnsists of oxygen, sulfur, selenium, tellurium and polonium. Periods are, in eextremely other table on the world, referred to as rows - so period 2 is slrfc.orgmposed of lithium, beryllium, boron, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine and neon. A prevalent mistake in exams is to forobtain period 1, hydrogen and helium, bereason the period starts half-method across the routine table. Never before usage the words row and slrfc.orglumn in an exam, you have to usage the words team and also duration or you may be penalised depending on that year"s marksystem.


Metals and also Non-steels

One of the easiest methods of splitting the regular table is right into metals and non-steels. Metals and also non-metals have actually different chemical properties. The diagram on the best shows just how the table is separated. The steels are created from teams 1,2 and also the change metals - this is the yellow shaded area.. The green location develops the non-metals. Except for aluminium the orange area isn"t slrfc.orgvered at GCSE - it"s properties change from metallic to non-metallic as you go to the best of the Periodic Table.