Information and tactics to help you reference properly making use of MLA 8 (8th edition of the Modern Language Association referencing style) and comply via IB Academic Honesty needs.


MLA style is the referencing style developed by the Modern Language Association (MLA) in the USA. It is a significant style of referencing. This libguide offers information to help you cite and recommendation in MLA effectively.

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What students find new or hard about referencing and also citation in MLA style

These are some common questions that students ask about making use of MLA 8th (latest) edition:

Wright here perform I put the URL in an MLA format entry?

It goes at the end of each enattempt on the the Works Cited (or bibliography) entry.IB rules (EE guide, Academic Honesty document) require that a student provide a URL, along with the date when s/he regarded the webpage.

Is a URL enough citation information?

No. A good website will have at least a title and also generally an author. You also have to add the day you consulted the webwebsite.

Who and also what is an author?

An writer can be an individual, several human being and/or an organization (a company, NGO, federal government department, and so on.).

Is footnoting/endnoting acceptable in MLA style?

No. Footnoting/endnoting is part of the Chicback style, which is generally provided in the background self-control. MLA requires in-message citation.

What does in-message citation do?

In makes a link between the words quoted, paraphrased or idea referred to in the message of the student’s occupational and also the Works Cited area, which comes at the finish of the item of occupational.

Students don’t always realize that the name they use in the in-text citation have to match the first name/word they usage for their Works Cited enattempt.

What does in-text citation look prefer in MLA 8?

Surname of writer web page number within parenthesis, e.g. (Thomas 77).

The in-message citation is always in parenthesis, and simply includes the surname or household name of the author or authors and also a page number; no require for any punctuation marks. MLA is minimalist! (A date of publication is not offered in MLA for in-message citation purposes.)

Where do I put the in-text citation?

Place the citation at the end of the sentence in which the quote/paraphrase is provided. If you’re explaining someone’s idea, you’re most likely doing that in a paragraph, so put the citation note at the finish of the paragraph. When you examine your text, ask yourself: is it clear to a reader/examiner that x quote/paraphrase is from x source?

What if I use the quote/idea several times in the essay?

Just use the in-text citation each time you refer to the quote/idea. You can usage it as many type of times as necessary. In the Works Cited section, you only provide one entry with the complete publication/resource details.

How execute I carry out an in-message citation for an intercheck out I lugged out?

Placed the name of the perboy you interperceived in parenthesis following a quote, paraphrase or referral to the person’s opinions/answers to your questions.

Are the words in an in-text citation contained in the word count?

Any words or numbers in in-message citation are not consisted of in the word count for the essay.

Do I separate websites from books, magazines, etc., in the Works Cited section?

No, it is all one alphabetical list ordered by author’s surname or family name, e.g. Jones, Simon not Simon Jones.

What does an enattempt in the Works Cited section look like?

The basic order in MLA is as follows:

Last or surname, First name. Title. City of publication: Publisher, year of publication.

Medium of publication.

This is an example:

Frank, Adam. About time. London: Onepeople Publications, 2011. Print.

If you usage an online citation generator, you have to check that all the entries are correct, so it is valuable to understand the fundamental order.

What is the format for the entry in the Works Cited section?

Order and layout are as in the instance over. Keep in mind that the title is in italic font. Use the punctuation as shown in the example.

If the entry goes over one line of print, you use a hanging-style format, e.g.

Ahamed, Liaquat. Lords of finance: the bankers who damaged the civilization. New York:

Penguin, 2009. Print.

What if there is more than one author? Do I list them all?

Typically, yes. For works with more than one author, see this page:

What does the entry for a website on the Works Cited page look like?

Follow the standard format (i.e. author, title, area of publication, publisher, date, medium) as much as possible. An example is -

"Visual Impairment and Blindness." WHO. N.p., n.d. Internet. 07 Oct. 2013.

The title of the web page is had in quotation marks. The website is created in italic font. N.p means no publisher given, n.d. stands for no day given. All these details have the right to come from an virtual citation generator, and also you simply must include the URL. N.B. Each citation generator has a tendency to gather different indevelopment, so you do have to check the accuracy of the item.

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What does an entry for an interwatch I carried out look like in the Works Cited page?

The order is as follows: Surname or family name of the perkid interviewed. The words individual intersee. Date of intercheck out, e.g.