A country that is landlocked is one that has actually no straight accessibility to the open up ocean. This means that the country is totally surrounded by land on all sides or that any shores are to enclosed seas.

There are 48 nations in the world that are considered landlocked.

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South America is the fourth largest continent in the human being and has actually twelve soveregime countries and also two non-soveregime areas. Of these countries inSouth America there are 2 countries that are landlocked: Bolivia and also and Paraguay.


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Map showing the location of Paraguay and also Bolivia, the only two landlocked countries in South America.

Boliusing, at 1,098,581 sq. kilometres. (424,163sq. mi.) is the 28th largest nation in the human being and also is the largest landlocked country in South America. Paraguay is406,752 sq. kilometres. (157,048sq. mi.) is the 60th largest nation in the world.

These 2 nations are the just landlocked nations exterior ofAfro-Eurasia(which containsthe continents of Europe, Africa, and Asia. Neither Australia nor North America have any landlocked countries.


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La Paz, the governmental resources of Bolithrough, is the world’s highest capital city (3,660 m; 12,005 ft). Photo: CIA, public domain

Boliby means of as soon as had actually a coast along the Pacific Ocean yet lostits coast area to Chile throughout theWar of the Pacific. That means (from1879 to 1883) pitted Chile against Boliusing and also Peru. Chile eventually won a huge amount of territory from both countries, causing Bolivia ending up being a landlocked nation.

Interestingly, Boliby means of still maintains an Navy, making use of Lake Titicaca as its training ground. “Dia del Mar” (Day of the Sea) is commemorated each year on March 23rd by Boliby means of to note the loss of the war and the country’s sea accessibility.


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Map showing Boliby means of and Peru’s pre-war boundaries (shaded colors) and also existing borders (babsence line). Map: Keysanger, Wikimedia Commons.

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Paraguay likewise maintains a Navy due to its access to theAtlantic Oceanusing theParaguay–Paranárivers.

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Tags Bolivia, landlocked nations, Paraguay, political geography, South America Go into your email to obtain the Geography Realm newsletter: