ACETONEA flammable solvent provided in some prop/costume-making processes. Used by make-up artists to remove skin adhesive from the netting of wigs and also moustaches by immersing the item in an acetone bath, then rerelocating the softened glue residue through a stiff brush. Also among the major components of some nail polish removers.
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ALGINATEAn organic polymer which is a viscous gum found in the cell wall surfaces of brvery own algae. The commercial selection is extracted from seaweed. Supplied as a powder, as soon as combined via water it becomes a fast-setting mould-making product which is used to make casts of body components or breakable prop items. The resulting mould is exceptionally comprehensive and also strong. Dental alginate is supplied to make casts of teeth and also gums. Take treatment to save the powder in an air-tight container as it's very absorbant and will 'go off' extremely promptly if left open to the air.
ANACHRONISMA scenic item, prop or costume which is from a different time duration than that being portrayed on stage. Typically, it's a modern item that shouldn't be watched in a duration piece.
ANTIQUARIANISMA activity which insisted on historically-specific scenery and also props on stage. The more stylized sliding wing flats were reinserted by even more thorough box sets consisting of architectural functions, props and also furniture appropriate to the moment duration in whcih the present was occurring. Antiquarianism relocated into theatres in the late eighteenth century in Europe.
ARMOURYThe Department in a big producing theatre which encounters the maintenance and storage of prop weapons.
ARTICShort for Articulated Lorry. Lorries of 40 feet length (or more) are provided to move sets, costume, props and also sound & lighting devices from venue to venue. A variety of service providers specialise in moving theatrical and musical tours around the nation / people.Known in the USA as a SEMI (brief for Semi-Trailer, wright here a trailer box with a rear axle just is pulled by a tractor unit).
ASSISTANT STAGE MANAGERTypically shortened to ASM, the assistant stage manager is the a lot of junior member of the Stage Management team, and also is frequently in charge of sourcing and also running Properties during the run of a show. She or he is additionally a member of the phase 'crew'.The ASM is reponsible for establishing props supplied in the time of the present, and carrying out a pre-present inspect list to encertain all props are in the correct location and also that all furniture used on phase is effectively placed for the begin of the present.An ASM might likewise have actually a small acting duty in some performances (they are then recognized as an Acting ASM).See also STAGE MANAGER and also DSM.
BAGGAGE MASTERRedundant term, in use theatrically in between around 1884 and 1960 in the UK, it originated on the railway device. The Baggage Master is part of a touring theatre firm, and is responsible for all personal and also company luggage, and also has to check all luggage (including props, costumes, scenery etc.) is packed and all set once the show leaves for a new venue.
BAPAMBritish Association for Performing Arts Medicine. Specialist wellness and also security assistance for performers and technicians.British Association for Perdeveloping Arts Medicine website
BISCUIT POTTERY / BISQUE POTTERYEathernware product that has been fired as soon as however not yet glazed. It have the right to conveniently be painted / decorated and also have the right to be provided for plate / cup smashing scenes on phase as it breaks more conveniently / gently than a fully glazed product. However, breakaway cups or plates made from wax are the just really safe solution, as also biscuitware can have actually sharp edges.For a long-running show, or for a more manageable impact, think about making use of a glazed plate / cup and pre-shattering it, then using filler or glue to 'fix' it so it holds together. It will certainly break much more conveniently, so minimum effort will be compelled.Any breakaway or pre-smashed item will require a sound impact 'smash' to make it totally believable.Encertain that usage of any type of ceramics / crockery on stage is completely risk-assessed.
BREAKAWAYProp or item of furniture designed to break/shatter via impact. Breakameans furniture and also some props are commonly qualified of restoration to be 'broken' again.See likewise BISCUIT POTTERY and SUGAR GLASS.Breakameans Links at slrfc.org
BREAKING DOWNTreatment given to freshly painted or newly made props, scenery or costume, to make it look either aged, lived-in, or less "new". Ofter requires spattering with paint to add interest and also texture to locations lacking it.Breaking Dvery own Props and Costumes
DRESSING (the set)Decorative props (some practical) and also furnishings added to a phase establishing are recognized as Set Dressing.See additionally TAB DRESSING.
DRYBRUSHDrybrush is a paint approach in which a paint brush that is reasonably dry, but still holds paint, is used. The brush is used to a dry surface (e.g. paper or primed canvas). The resulting brush strokes have actually a characteristic scratchy look that lacks the smooth appearance that washes or blended paint commonly have actually.
EL WIREElectro-luminescent Wire. Requires an alternating existing power supply of between 90-120 volts, however this is generally produced by an oscillator circuit powered by a few AA batteries. The wire is incredibly effective and durable. The weak points tend to be the relations in between the wire and the power supply, so encertain these are well-defended if the wire is being offered in/on a prop or costume.
ENTERTAINMENT TECHNOLOGYAny technical or helpful craft used in the production of live occasions or experiences. As the meaning of 'live occasions or experiences' consists of music concerts, theatre, layout parks, visitor attractions, museums and also sports events, the skills needed are incredibly wide. It's not necessary for anyone to be highly professional in all of the crafts, but an expertise of the whole picture is extremely advantageous, and also discovering as soon as to contact in a specialist (and wbelow to discover them) is essential.The crafts connected in entertainment technology include, yet are not limited to:Lighting (phase lighting and also architectural lighting)Sound (live and also recorded)Video and Media (forecast or display)Scenic Construction and also AutomationSjust how ControlAnimatronicsCostumeProps and also MasksMake-Up and Prosthetics
ESCAPE ROOMAn Escape Room is an interenergetic live game wbelow your team is trapped in a room (or series of rooms) till you deserve to deal with a number of puzzles. Typical Escape Rooms have a time limit of approximately 60 minutes.They may involve live actors, but frequently there are multimedia aspects, and lighting & sound results and a large variety of props which act as ideas (or containers for clues).They have a great deal in widespread via immersive theatrical experiences, and also are wildly well-known world-wide.Escape Room page
FIBREGLASSA combination of a glass mat and a resin which have the right to be developed right into a strong shell. Used in prop-making (and also lots of various other industries).Also recognized as GRP (Glass Reinrequired Plastic).
FIRE MARSHAL(US) A representative of the neighborhood fire department that must be consulted around any kind of concerns you have around using fire-retardant products on phase, anything entailing pyrotechnics, and some smoke / haze impacts, if you have actually a smoke detection device. You may likewise should consult them about changing seating layouts in a flexible venue, and also any kind of unusual usage of your venue(s).
FLAMBEAUXA flaming torch, often handheld and also provided in a procession.A silk-impact flame (via light and also fan) is much safer, and also can offer a fantastic impact if the remainder of the lighting is suitably dim / atmospheric.See also SILK FLAME, SCONCE.
FLAME-RETARDANTA treatment which deserve to make props, costumes, drapes and any type of other porous products suitable for usage on phase by reducing the fire hazard. An item treated through a flame retardant will certainly limit or inhibit the spcheck out of fire by not supporting combustion.FLAMECHECK is a commonly used treatment, suitable for a wide array of products.
FOIL1) A fencing blade, rectangular in cross-section (the Épée has actually a triangular cross-section, via a groove running down the length of the blade, and also is heavier).2) A subsidiary character who emphasizes the traits of a primary character.
GET-INThe procedure of moving collection, props and other hardware right into a theatre prior to the fit-up. (aka LOADVERTISEMENT IN (US) and also BUMP IN (Aus.) and also PACK IN (NZ.))
GREEBLIE / GREEBLEA small component or kit part included to a prop or version car to make it look even more fantastical and/or to make it look less like it originally did. The term was believed to be coined at Industrial Light & Magic as they were structure spaceship models for Star Wars (1977), perhaps by George Lucas himself, and also refers to little model kit parts that were offered to add detail to the astronomical spaceship models. This procedure (of utilizing design kit components for non-typical uses) is recognized as kitbashing.
GREEKING(Film/TV) Process of disguising a commercially-developed or tradenoted product to hide the product name / manufacturer, wright here usage clearance has not been derived, without making it look too unchoose it was originally. This allows vending machines and bar scenes to take area through multple assets, which have labels which have been amended slightly.
HERO PROPThe main, a lot of detailed variation of a prop, generally specially created a film, TV or phase production. The hero will certainly look ideal on video camera, and will have the ability to carry out a lot of of the specific mechanical functions forced of it. Tright here might be other versions of the prop, which can be designed to be thrvery own about safely, or provided to hit an actor (a stunt prop) or might be damaged as component of the activity. Tright here will certainly be multiple versions of the alternate props, however probably only one hero prop.
IMMERSIVE THEATRE1) A piece of linear performance where the venue has actually been adjusted / changed to make it component of the narrative of the story. Secret Cinema events are immersive in this feeling.2) A piece of non-straight performance wbelow a non-theatre venue has actually been completely transcreated right into a highly in-depth people within which the audience is free to roam and see various parts of the story performed in correct areas. The UK company Punchdrunk created the principle of audience members wearing masks which permit them to wander around the area anonymously.Punchdrunk Theatre
MISE EN SCÉNEAlthough the term literally "placing on stage" in French, the Mise en Scene describes much more than the setting of a performance or occasion. The term explains all of the visual elements of a setup - props, lighting, costume and also set design, and exactly how the details deserve to contribute to the telling of the story.
PAPERBOARDA type of paper-based non-corrugated board over 250gsm in weight provided for model-making etc.See also Foamboard.
PHONE NUMBERSSometimes prop equipments and script authors need to usage fictional phone numbers, or develop props which attribute a phone number which is correct within the human being of the show / film / TV task.UKArea codes added a digit on 'Phoneday' which was easter Sunday 16th April 1995, wright here area codes that started with '0' started rather through '01' (e.g. Exeter went from 0392 to 01392).USPhone numbers featured in film / TV projects frequently usage the location code 555, which is reserved for that use, and has no real customers or businesses attached.More to follow
POLYSTYRENEAlso known as Beadboard (US) or Styrofoam (brand also name), this lightweight man-made material is appropriate for carving stormy shapes for usage on stage. It must be treated with a fire-proofing product prior to being used on phase. Products such as Rosco Foamcoat add this fireproofing as well as giving a primed surchallenge which is all set for paint.
PRODUCTION MEETINGA gathering of essential production staff in the time of the months leading as much as a performance or occasion. The aim of the meeting is to come to an agreement around any concerns elevated during rehearsals or the building and construction phase, to deal with any type of budacquire problems, confirm comprehensive schedules and also to save the process moving forward effectively. Decisions need to be created down and also circulated to those existing and also anyone that couldn't make the meeting.
PROP ROOMEither a room in which the theatres' repertoire of props is stored, or an offstage room where props for the present are retained, ready for the actors to pick them up.
PROPERTIES MANAGERThe Props Manager / Properties Manager is in charge of the stock of props at a theatre.In the UK, the ASM (Assistant Stage Manager) is frequently responsible for propping a display (finding/buying props and organising the making of extra ones). Larger organisations could have a Prop Manager who is responsible for sourcing the props compelled for a show (or a series of shows).
PROPERTY MASTER / PROP MASTERMember of the imaginative team that has actually responsibility for every one of the PROPS used in the manufacturing (US).
PROPPINGThe job, regularly perdeveloped by phase monitoring in the UK, or by the scenic designer in a tiny agency, of going roughly finding / borrowing / buying props for the production.It's necessary that a clear record is preserved of the source of the props so that they can be properly returned at the finish of the present. Reference publications are supplied to encertain the items are correct for the time period of the production.
PROPS(Properties) Furnishings, set dressings, and all items big and tiny which cannot be classified as scenery, electrics or wardrobe. Props handled by actors are well-known as hand props, props which are retained in an actors costume are well-known as PERSONAL PROPS.
PROPS TABLETable in convenient offphase area on which properties are all set prior to a performance and also to which they should be went back after use.The table is generally noted out with a grid about each item, so it's basic to see as soon as something is lacking, and to do predisplay checks that every little thing is all set to usage.The preparation and checking of the props tables is the responsibility of the ASM (Assistant Stage Manager).
RADIO CONTROLSystem whereby battery-powered practicals / props on phase can be controllable from offphase through no connecting leads.
RESET1) To go earlier to a details suggest all set to run component of a scene aobtain, throughout a technical rehearsal (e.g. 'OK that scene readjust went really well - have the right to we please reset to the finish of the previous scene ready to attempt it again?')2) After a performance, the Recollection involves all on-stage crew in moving scenery and props earlier into position for the peak of the display, prepared for the next performance.See likewise SET BACK.
REVERSE RADIOA sound device that works opposite to a radio microphone - a sound signal is transmitted from the mixing desk to a battery-powered receiver, amplifier and speaker. Used for relaying a fully controllable sound feed to a remote location on stage - regularly supplied for an on-stage prop radio or tape player. This system is likewise offered for in-ear monitoring (IEM).
SCONCEA wall-mounted light fixture, wright here the light is directed upwards. Also describes a wall-mounted flaming torch.See additionally FLAMBEAUX.
SILK FLAMEA substitute for a actual flame, consisting of flame-shaped pieces of light-coloured silk, through an orange/red light underneath, and also blvery own by a fan pointing upwards. The aircirculation keeps the silk upappropriate, with a random movement which from a distance reads as a flame.
SKIP (Costume/Props)A huge wicker basket or box, regularly rolled, which stores costumes and/or props for touring.
SPONGINGA scenic artist's strategy to apply a textured paint end up to a piece of scenery or a prop, completed by dipping a natural sponge right into paint and also then applying it to the scenery.
STAGE CREWMember of the Stage staff who is responsible for moving props and/or scenery throughout the present, and also for ensuring that items under their duty are working appropriately and also correctly preserved. Stage Crew (additionally recognized as Stagehands) are frequently employed on a casual basis for a particular manufacturing, and may not be component of the theatre's permanent staff. They likewise may be touring via a details manufacturing.
STAGE MANAGERThe Head of the Stage Management team making up the deputy phase manager (DSM) and also assistant stage manager (ASM). The DSM is typically "on the book" calling the cues from the prompt corner. The ASM supervises props. Depending on the demands of the production, tright here may be a team of stagehands, generally casual employees.French: régisseur.German: Inspizient (alsoTheatermeister or Bühnenmeister)
STAGECRAFTStagecraft refers to any technological facet of theatre manufacturing (and likewise periodically describes film / TV production). It consists of functioning in technical areas such as lighting, sound, scenic building and construction, costume & prop construction, phase monitoring and also makeup. It generally does NOT describe the creative / design aspects of those technological locations.
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STRIKE1) To disassemble a phase set ("strike the set") (e.g. "How many crew perform you need for the strike?")In amateur theatre, the strike at the end of a run of mirrors is sometimes adhered to by a strike party.2) To rerelocate props from the phase. ("Strike the armchair after scene 1", "Make sure the mushroom prop is struck after the woodland scene" and so on.).3) The act of turning on a discharge lamp (e.g. "Make certain you strike the followspot at the half")
VELCROTrademark. The principle of hook and loop fasteners was developed in the late 1940s, and the agency Velcro was founded in 1952 in Switzerland.Velcro website
ZINGERTerm used in artistic rendering (illustration) of a theatre set or prop. The zinger is to the brightest part of a highlight, which offers the illusion of a 3d object accurately lit.