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The earth is divided right into imaginary lines called longitude and also latitude. This system of lines was created so travelers could pinpoint exact places all over the human being. Latitude lines run horizontally, and also longitude lines are vertical. Coordinates mark wbelow longitude and latitude lines intersect, and also they are measured in levels. The start point for measuring latitude lines is the Equator. It is situated at zero levels and marks the splitting allude in between the north and also south hemispheres. The zero-degree longitude line runs through Greenwich, England and also is referred to as the prime meridian. The prime meridian and also the equator intersect in the South Atlantic Ocean.

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Why is the equator important?

The equator is the suggest where we divide the north and south hemispheres. It is additionally the starting allude for navigation. Lines of latitude originate at the equator and also continue to the North Pole, 90 levels north, and to the South Pole, 90 levels south. The various other main dividing lines of latitude are the Tropic of Cancer, 23.5 levels north and also Tropic of Capricorn, 23.5 degrees southern.

What is different about the equator?

Due to the earth’s orbit and the rotation of its axis, the equator does not tilt towards or ameans from the sunlight. As such, locations alengthy the equator perform not have actually much longer or shorter days, nor carry out they have seasons. Places in the North Hemisphere, for example, have periods noted by the solstice and equinox, wbelow the sun is throughout various times of the year. This is not true for the equator. Tbelow, the day is always 12 hours long. The sunlight rises and sets at the same time eextremely day and also are the fastest sunrises and also sunsets in the civilization.

The word equator comes from the Latin word “aequare”, which means to make equal. It is a straightforward means to remember that the equator is equiremote from the North Pole and also South Pole and that its days and nights are equal lengths, 12 hours.

Who stays along the equator?

Many of the equator’s virtually 25,000 miles is in the ocean. Tbelow are 13 countries that lie alengthy the equator. They are dispersed via South America, Africa and Asia and encompass, Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Sao Tome and also Principe, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and also Kiribati.

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Fun facts around the equator

With consistent sunlight, it is simple to imagine that it is exceptionally hot alengthy the equator’s excellent circle. But, in truth, tbelow is scurrently in the mountains of Equador. And, fifty percent of the world’s rainforests are situated on the equator, mainly in Brazil, Indonesia and also Congo. Tright here are additionally myths around the equator, favor the moon flips upside dvery own as soon as crossing the equator, which is not true. The moon may show up various in each hemispbelow based on your orientation, but it has not flipped. Tright here are also seafaring legends around rituals to percreate if crossing the equator. These ceremonies, that are shelp to pay tribute to King Neptune, are actually genuine and map earlier to the Center Ages.