Merchant of Venice Act 1, Scene 3 Modern English Translation Meaning Annotations – ICSE Class 10 & 9 English

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Initial TextAct I Scene III

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Modern English ReadingAct I Scene III

SHYLOCK : Three thousand also ducats; right?

BASSANIO : Yes, sir, for 3 months.

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SHYLOCK : For three months; right?

BASSANIO : For which, as I told you, Antonio shall be obligated.

SHYLOCK : Antonio shall be obligated; right?

BASSANIO : Will you assist me? Will you make me happy? Can I understand youranswer?

SHYLOCK : Three thousand also dollars, for three months, and Antonio obligated.

BASSANIO : Your answer to that.

SHYLOCK : Antonio is an excellent male.

BASSANIO : Have you heard any idea to the contrary?

Word Meaning With Annotation

Ducats : Tbelow were gold ducats and also silver ducats at the moment via which the play deals, bound : Antonio shall be legally responsible for the repayment. Antonio is an excellent male : “reliable in financial dealings.”

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : Hey, no, no, no, no: my meaning in saying he is a great manis to have you understand also me, that he is sufficiently credit-worthy, yet his money is all tied up: he has a large vendor ship going to Tripoli, another to the Indies; I understand also, moreover, in the Market area,he has a third to Mexico, a fourth to England, and other endeavors he has actually wasted abroad. But ships are just boards of timber, seafarers onlymen; tright here are land-rats and water rats, land-thieves and water-thieves,—I suppose pirates,—and also then tbelow is the hazard of waters, winds, and also rocks. The guy is, in spite of all this, sufficiently crmodify worthy. Three thousand dollars -1 think I may take his promise to pay.

BASSANIO : Be assured you might.

SHYLOCK : I’11 be assured that I may; and also, that I may be assured, Iwill certainly think it over. May I speak via Antonio?

BASSANIO : If it pleases you to dine through us.

SHYLOCK : Yes, to smell pork; to eat in the temple that your prophet, the Nazarene, conjured the evil one right into. I’ll buy via you, offer with you, talk with you, walk through you, and also so following; yet I’ll not eat through you, drink with you, nor pray via you. What’s the news in the Marketplace? Who’s coming here? Go into Antonio.

BASSANIO : This is Mr. Antonio.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Sufficient : satismanufacturing facility as defense, his suggests are in supplace : his fortune may be intended subject to the dangers and failures of company, he hath an argosy bound to Tripolis : It matters bit whether Shakespeare was thinking of Tripoli in North Africa, or Tripolis in Syria. Indies : the West Indies near Central America. Rialto : this was the name of the service quarters of Venice, squandered : sent forth; scattered, the man is not via standing adequate : nevertheless the man Antonio is satisfactory as defense, yes, to smell pork; to eat of the habitation which your prophet, the Nazarite, conjured the devil into! I will certainly buy via you, sell via you, talk via you, walk via you, and so following; but I will not eat via you, drink through you, nor pray via you : tbelow is a story in the Bible of Christ (the Nazarite) compelling specific evil spirits to come out of two guys, whose bodies*they had actually gone into. Then the evil spirits asked Christ to permit them to enter into the bodies of a herd of swine, and also He allowed them to perform so. This is what Shylock refers to; by “habitation” he means the body of the swine. The Jews look upon pork as an unclean and prohibited food. We watch in this speech the character of Shylock. He is proud of his race and also his religion, and determined not to break any type of of his religious observances to please the hated Christian. Yet he has the shrewd commonfeeling of a businessguy, and also is willing to mix with Christians and also perform organization through them, as long as tbelow is profit to be made. He offers the title “prophet” for Christ, since the Jews carry out not recognise Him as the son of God.

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : He looks choose a flattering taxation collector! I hate him bereason he is a Christian; But even more, bereason, in his low simplicity, He lends out money complimentary, and also brings dvery own The price of interemainder through us here in Venice. If I have the right to catch him once at a disadvantage ,IT1 feed the prehistoric grudge I bear him until it’s fat. He hates our spiritual nation; and he abprovides me, Even there wbelow sellers congregate many of the moment, Insulting me, my bargains, and my well-won success, Which he calls interemainder. Cursed be my people of Israel If I forgive him!

BASSANIO : Shylock, carry out you hear me?

SHYLOCK : I am debating around my present monies, And, by the nearest guess, I remember that I cannot instantly raise up the totality sum of 3 thousand ducats. What around that? Tubal, a well-off Hebrew of my people, Will supply me. But wait! How many kind of months do you want? Relax, great sir; We were just talking about you.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Fawning publican : ‘ fawning ” normally indicates “servile” or “cringing” and tright here seems no factor why such a term have to be used to Antonio. It is Shylock’s bitter hatred which makes him look on Antonio’s mood of melancholy in this light. The term “publican” was offered in the new Testimony through extremely a lot the same meaning as “a low caste man” or “an untouchable”. low simplicity : stupid ignorance, usance : profit derived from money lfinishing. If I can capture him once upon the hip : To have actually a guy “on the hip,” expected to have secured such a hold on him that he can quickly be thrown to the ground. I will certainly feed fat the prehistoric grudge I bear him : I will gratify completely the old grievance I have versus him. He hates our sacred country, and he rails, Even tright here where sellers a lot of execute congregate, On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift,Which he calls interest : In the moment of Shakespeare, the modem system of banks was far from appealing. The lending of money remained in the hands of private people,and also tbelow was no restriction on the price of interest which they could charge. The Jews were forea lot of in amassing wide range by this means, and they had the reputation of being grasping and merciless creditors, rails : provide abusage. Well-won thrift : well-deoffered earnings. I am debating of : I am calculating, gross : the finish amount. a well-off Hebrew of my tribe : the Jews were separated right into twelve tribes, descended from the twelve kids of Israel, your worship : “Your honour.”

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : Shylock, although I don’t lend or borrow By taking or by providing excess money, Still, to supply the immediate wants of my friend, I’ll break a custom. Does he understand How a lot you want?

SHYLOCK : Yes, yes, 3 thousand ducats.

ANTONIO : And for three months.

SHYLOCK : I had forgotten; three months; you told me so. Well then, your promise to pay; and, let me see. But listen, I believed you said you don’t lend or borrow By charging interemainder.

ANTONIO : I never charge interest.

SHYLOCK : When Jacob grazed his uncle Laban’s sheep,—This Jacob was the kid of our holy Abraham, As his wise mother sassist he was, The third possessor; yes, he was the 3rd.

ANTONIO : And what around him? Did he charge interest?

Word Meaning With Annotation

Albeit : although, by taking, nor by offering of excess : by taking from my debtors anypoint in excess of the sum I have lent to them, nor by giving any such sum to my creditors, ripe : prompt, instant attention, so Bassanio’s requirements require an instant loan. I’ll break a tradition : I shall depart from my custom, and give you interemainder on this loan, is he yet possess’d, how a lot you would certainly : Is he mindful yet of the amount you want? upon benefit : through the usual interest, grazed : ‘Led out to pasture’, the 3rd possessor : the 3rd heir to the family members chateaus.

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : No, not charge interest; not, as you would say, Directly charge interest; listen to what Jacob did. When Laban and he agreed That all the lambs which were streaked and multicolored Should be provided to Jacob, the ewes, being split, Were bred via the rams at the finish of autumn; And just when the rams and the ewes Were in the act of procreation, The skilful shepherd peeled certain sticks, And, at the minute of mating, He stuck them up prior to the fat ewes, Who, then conceiving, did in lambing time Gave birth to multicolored lambs, and those were Jacob’s. This was a way to prosper, and he was blest; And great luck is blessing, if guys don’t steal it.

ANTONIO : This was an enterpincrease, sir, that Jacob worked for; A point that was not in his power to carry to pass, But swayed and also fashioned by the hand of heaven. Are you informing me this to make interest good? Or is your gold and also silver ewes and rams?

SHYLOCK : I cannot tell; I make it breed as quick as ewes and rams. But listen to me, sir.

ANTONIO : Pay attention, Bassanio, The devil- can point out Scripture for his function. An evil spirit creating holy witness is choose a villain via a smiling cheek, A great apple rotten at the heart. Oh, what a good external lying has!

SHYLOCK : Three thousand also ducats; it’s a great round amount. Three months from twelve; then let me view the rate.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Were compromised : had agreed, eanlings : newly-bom lambs. Streak’d : striped, this was a venture, sir, that Jacob serv’d for : the Biblical story was that Jacob had gotten in Laban’s company first in order to acquire a wife, and then in order to get a flock. But Antonio retorts that Jacob earned this reward by company, and also not by merely’ enabling his money to gain interemainder. In enhancement, Antonio casts doubt on the old Biblical story and also says that Jacob might not possibly have actually influenced the birth of the lambs in this manner, was this placed to make interemainder great : Was this episode presented into the Bible in order to justify the taking of interest? Antonio asks this quite sharply, bereason he thinks that Shylock’s debate has nothing to execute through the taking of interemainder at all, and also resents that the Jew have to try to justify his money-lending by Biblical quotations, the devil can mention Scripture for his function : this has end up being a famous quotation in the English language. It arises, in the initially location, from another occurrence explained in the Scriptures, wright here the adversary tempts Christ, and also supports his temptations by craftily used quotations and also allusions from the Divine regulation. a goodly apple : an apple which has an external appearance of goodness, goodly outside : a fair external appearance.

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : Well, Shylock, shall we be indebted to you?

SHYLOCK : Mr. Antonio, many type of times and also regularly In the Market area you have actually abprovided me About my monies and my interest rates; I still have actually taken it with a patient shrug, Since suffering is the badge of all our tribe; You contact me misbeliever, cut-throat dog, And spat on my Jewish apparel, And all bereason of utilizing of that which is my own. Well then, it now shows up you require my help; Come on, then; you come to me, and also you say”Shylock, we would certainly have actually money.” You say so: You that spit on my beard, And kick me as you spurn a starray dog On your doorstep; money is what you ask for. What have to I say to you? Shouldn’t I say” Has a dog got money? Is it possible A dog deserve to lend you three thousand also dollars?” Or Shall I bend low and, in a bondman’s voice, With soft breathing and also whispering humbleness, Say this:—” Fair sir, you spit on me on Wednesday last;You spumed me such a day; one more time You referred to as me dog; and for these courtesies I’ll lend you hence a lot money?”

Word Meaning With Annotation

Beholding : obliged, indebted, rated : blamed, gaberdine : a peculiar type of robe worn by the Jews. For Antonio to spit upon it would certainly be a direct insult to Jewish nationality, for usage of that : for making use of my own money as I pick, void your rheum : spot, cast your saliva, moneys is your suit : currently your repursuit is for money! bondsman’s vital : “a voice prefer a slave.” key : tone, bated breath : quiet breath.

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : I am likely to speak to you so aget, To spit on you aget, to spurn you too.If you will certainly lfinish this money, don’t lfinish it As if to your friends, because once did friendship take Race as pure proof of his friend’s worthiness?But lfinish it rather to your foe, Who, if he defaults might face Exact the penalty better.

SHYLOCK : Why, look, how you get angry! I wish to be friends via you, and also have actually your friendship, Forget the shames that you have stained me through, Supply you need right now, and don’t pay a jot of interest for my money, and you’ll not hear me complain: I offer you kindness.

BASSANIO : This was kindness?

Word Meaning With Annotation

I am as like to speak to thee so aobtain : “It is fairly likely that I shall do so aobtain.” Antonio is rather frank about his therapy of Shylock; he admits it, and offers no regrets. His perspective seems to be that it is a herbal thing, and also simply what a Jew might suppose, for when did friendship take A breed for barren steel of his frifinish : the word “breed” is more than likely provided because the illustration of Jacob and also his lambs is still fresh in the mind of Antonio. He suggests “profit” i.e., interest produced by lent money, simply as lambs are developed by lamb, yet lfinish It quite to thine enemy : But rather think about me as an opponent once lending it. If he break : If he break the conditions agreed upon; if he fail to repay, through better challenge : through a better appearance of justice; through no shame in doing so. would be : would prefer to be. and also take no doit of usance : “and also accept not one pie of interemainder.” this is type I market : “A man likes the company of his very own kind” Shylock suggests, “This is your own system of loan which I sell, without any interemainder.” But there might be a dual definition intfinished, for “to pay a male in kind” indicates to rerotate ‘equivalent therapy to him. this were kindness : Antonio, of course, sees no double interpretation in Shylock’s words, and also replies, “That would certainly indeed be kindness on your part.”

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Modern English Reading

SHYLOCK : I will certainly present you this kindness. Go via me to a notary, seal your single promiseto pay me there; and also, in a happy sport, If you don’t repay me on such a day, In such a area, such amount or sums as are Expressed in the problems, let the penalty Be an equal pound Of your beautiful flesh, to be reduced off and also taken In whatever part of your body that pleases me.

ANTONIO : Happily, in faith; I’ll put my seal to such a promise to pay, And say tbelow is a lot kindness in the Jew.

Word Meaning With Annotation

Notary : a solicitor; a legal officer, single bond : a bond undertaken by one male, i.e., it was signed by Antonio alone, nominated : agreed upon, equal pound : exactly a pound. I’ll seal to such a bond : ‘I will area my name to this agreement.’

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Modern English Reading

BASSANIO : You shall not put your seal to such a promise to pay For me; I’d fairly live in my poverty.

ANTONIO : Why, don’t be afrassist, man; I won’t default in payment; Within the next two months, that’s a-month before This promise to pay expires, I expect to obtain a return of three times three of the worth of this promise to pay.

SHYLOCK : Oh, father Abraham, what are these Christians, Whose very own hard dealings teach them to suspect The thoughts of others. Please, tell me this; If he need to break his promise, what should I get By taking his forfeit? A pound of man’s flesh, taken from a guy,Is not so useful, or profitable either, As flesh of mutton, beef, or goat. I say, To buy his good will, I extfinish this friendship; If he will take it, okay; if not, goodbye; And, for my friendship, please don’t insult me.

ANTONIO : Yes, Shylock, I’ll put my seal to this promise to pay.

SHYLOCK : Then satisfy me immediately at the notary’s; Give him directions for confirming this happy promise to pay, And I’ll go and gain the dollars ideal ameans, Check on my house, left in the care of an unlucky rogue, and I’ll be with you soon. (Exit.)

Word Meaning With Annotation

I’ll fairly dwell in my necessity : “I would fairly remain in my current state of require.” within these two months : in 2 months from this date, father Abraham : Shylock swears by his good Jewish ancestor, break his day : break his promise to pay on a particular day. mutlots : beefs, these words, refer only to the flesh of animals, were initially French, and expected “sheep” and also “oxen.” purse the ducats straight: at once make prepared the ducats in a purse for you the fearful guard : “left in the unsafe treatment.” Launcelot is such a caremuch less fellow that it reasons Shylock Tear that he might not be the guardian of the residence even for the moment being.

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Modern English Reading

ANTONIO : Hurry, gentle Jew. This Hebrew will certainly come to be a Christian: he’s acquiring sort.

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BASSANIO : I don’t favor fair terms and also a villain’s mind.

ANTONIO : Come on; in this transactivity, there deserve to be no fear; My ships come house a month prior to the due date. (Exeunt.)

Word Meaning With Annotation

Hie thee, gentle Jew : “Go, type Jew.” It will certainly be noticed that Antonio supplies the word “gentle.” He has been entirely deceived by the premium craft of Shylock, and also thinks that all his professions of friendship are genuine. I like not fair terms and also a villain’s mind : “I am suspicious when, fair problems are available by a male whom I know to be a villain.” Bassanio is even more quick-witted and also alert than Antonio, ‘and also his suspicions of Shylock are not so easily lulled to sleep, dismight : “ground for fear.”