Global teams carry out diversity while eliminating problems and miscommunication.
FALSE Using around the world diverse architecture groups rises the threats of conflicts and also miscommunication.
A ‘Housage of Quality’ is accomplished as soon as no department in a single location has more than 15% rejects.
FALSE The residence of top quality is a way of integrating the voice of the customer into the product or business advancement process.
Conpresent Engineering is another term for sequential development.
FALSE Conpresent engineering entails simultaneous product and also production breakthrough.
One of the primary benefits of standardization is that it boosts the potential range of products
FALSE Standardization reduces the range of products.
A disbenefit of standardization is the opportunity of standardizing deindicators also early on, which may make it difficult to modify later on.
TRUE Standardization locks firms into deindications that aren’t quickly readjusted.
Reducing customer options provides business even more effective.
TRUE Efficiency originates from the standardization that results from reduced consumer selections.
Modular design increases costs of purchasing and managing inventory compared to non-modular.
FALSE Modular designs make inventory administration less complicated and also cheaper.
Product failures can be much easier to remedy through modular style.
TRUE Modular designs make it simple to change only parts of the architecture.
One catalyst for an organization to redesign its product or service is to protect against the alternative of downsizing the organization.
TRUE The danger of downsizing regularly spurs product or organization rearchitecture.
A significant benefit of Computer Aided Deauthorize (CAD) is the enhanced performance of developers.
TRUE CADVERTISEMENT often tends to substantially rise designers’ performance.
Many of the moment what is dubbed product or organization architecture is actually a restyle of an existing product or company.
TRUE Typically the core product or company stays reasonably unchanged even though other attributes are modified or magnified.
A company blueprint is rather similar to an architectural drawing.
TRUE A company blueprint reflects the basic customer and also company actions connected in a company operation.
The procedure of dismantling and inspecting a competitor’s product to find product improvement is called benchmarking.
FALSE Dismantling and also inspecting a competitor’s product to uncover product improvement is dubbed reverse engineering.
To save money, it is crucial that developers revise the production capabilities to accomplish the requirements of the brand-new commodities.
FALSE Saving money needs developers to ensure that new products can be developed using existing production capabilities.
Many US manufacturers are currently shifting their emphasis from assets to both product and also process enhancements.
TRUE Both product and procedure need to be thought about in the product/service design question.
Applied research study has the objective of achieving commercial applications for new principles.
TRUE Applied research study is aimed at commercializing standard research.
Basic research study is done through the expectation that explorations will have near-term commercial application
FALSE Basic research is done with no clear expectations concerning commercial application.
"Design for production" takes into account the capabilities of the organization to develop or supply a provided product or company.
TRUE Deauthorize for manufacturing is important to encertain that product or service architecture decisions are feasible.
Consumers tfinish to resist purchasing assets containing recycled materials.
FALSE Consumers are start to respond positively as soon as increated that their purchases contain recycled products.
"Concurrent engineering" brings human being involved through manufacturing right into the design phase earlier than in the "over-the-wall" strategy.
TRUE Conpresent design world involved via production are actively engaged in the architecture phase.
"Concurrent engineering" implies that at least 2 engineers are connected in product style at the very same time.
FALSE Conpresent design suggests that engineers, marketing, production and purchasing personnel regularly are jointly associated in the product design.
One approach to extfinishing a product’s life cycle is to promote alternate offers of the product.
TRUE Alternative supplies extfinish product life cycles.
"Quality Function Deployment" is a structured method that promises that the greatest top quality product or service will certainly be designed.
FALSE Quality Function Deployment ensures that the voice of the customer is included into the product or organization architecture question.
Product licapability means that a manufacturer is liable for any injuries and also damperiods led to by a faulty product because of bad workmanship or design.
TRUE Product liability is a significant problem for manufacturers.
The process of dismantling and inspecting a competitor’s product to find advancement is called reverse engineering.
TRUE Reverse design is a legitimate means of evaluating the competitive landscape.
Research and also advancement (R&D) describes organized initiatives that are directed towards raising scientific expertise and also product (or process) development.
TRUE Product or process creations regularly result from deliberate R&D programs.
Standardization describes the extent to which there is absence of array in a product, service, or process.
TRUE Standardization reduces selection and also leads to better performance.
Re-manufacturing refers to rerelocating some of the components of old commodities and also reutilizing them in new products.
TRUE Re-production is a means of enhancing sustaincapacity.
The demand for a product and the price of technological readjust have significant impact on the length of a provided phase of the product life cycle.
TRUE How long a product remains in a specific phase of its life cycle relies greatly on the rate of technical change.
Robust style describes a product that will perdevelop satisfactorily so lengthy as it is used in a very narrow selection of problems.
FALSE Robust deindicators perform satisfactorily across a vast variety of conditions.
Taguchi style approaches involve identifying the optimal operating or ecological problems for a offered product.
FALSE Taguchi style approaches involve making commodities that are relatively insensitive to eco-friendly determinants.
Quality function deployment (QFD) is based upon a collection of standards which relate customer demands to agency capabilities.
FALSE QFD relates customer needs to product deindications and the capabilities vital to bring these deindicators out.
The quality function deployment (QFD) matrices are frequently referred to as the "House of Quality" bereason, when completed, they "house" all of the customer’s high quality demands.
FALSE QFD matrices attach customer needs via other product/procedure architecture aspects.
Service architecture regularly need to take right into account the level of customer call forced.
TRUE Customer call is a vital business design problem.
Relicapability describes the capacity of a product to perform its intfinished function under normal problems.
TRUE Greater relicapability converts right into a greater likelihood of the product functioning in normal conditions.
Applied research is the significant R & D effort of business establishments bereason of the desire for commercial applications.
TRUE Most service institutions focus on applied fairly than fundamental research.
Commonality of components is useful for production yet not for services.
FALSE Services deserve to benefit from commonality in business facets.
Standardization deserve to at times bring about major challenges and also competitive struggles, particularly once units are running under various conditions.
FALSE It is the absence of standardization that have the right to at times result in severe obstacles and competitive battles.
The term failure as used to reliability indicates that a component or item does not function at all.
FALSE Faientice indicates that the component or item does not attribute as it must.
Reliability have the right to be identified in terms of a particular point in time or in terms of size of business.
TRUE Reliable deindicators have the right to be counted on to occupational over time.
Relicapacity have the right to be improved by the use of backup components.
TRUE Adding a backup component is regularly cheaper tha boosting the relicapacity of a offered component.
Delayed differentiation and also modular style are methods for mass customization.
TRUE These enable variety without giving up as well much in the way of standardization.
Life-cycle assessment involves incorporating wright here the product or business is in its life-cycle right into system-design decision-making.
FALSE Life-cycle assessment involves assessing the eco-friendly influence of a product or company as it goes via its valuable life.
The goal of life-cycle assessment is to incorpoprice the ecological affect of assets or services right into product-design or service-style decision-making.
TRUE Life-cycle assessment requires assessing the ecological influence of a product or service as it goes with its useful life.
The 3 R’s – Reduce, Re-usage and Recycle – are even more applicable in service architecture than in product design.
FALSE Services cannot be re-supplied or recycled.
The goal of value evaluation is to discover means of _______. A. I. Reducing the price of parts and also products B. II. Improving the performance of the product or company C. III. Incorporating multiple cultural values in global system architecture D. Both I and III E. Both I and also II
E. Both I and also II In worth evaluation an effort is made to reduce the price and/or improve the performance of the product.
When considering re-use concerns for a given product, a crucial element to take into account is that product’s _______.
E. Namong the above Reproduction refers to refurbishing provided commodities.
Incorporating design for disassembly (DFD) values in product style helps firms via ___________ design issues.
C. Re-use Refurbiburned assets should first be disassembled.
Designing for recycling helps facilitate ______.
B. Compliance via regulatory settings Regulatory settings are increasingly concentrated on encouraging recycling.
One means to boost relicapacity is to:
A. improve component architecture Anvarious other method is to include backup components.
One method to increase relicapability is to:
B. boost precautionary maintenance procedures Preventative maintenance leads to longer intervals in between breakdowns.
Which of the adhering to is not a factor for recreating a product or service?
B. to increase the level of employee satisfactivity A product or company restyle does not necessarily involve improving employee satisfaction.
A disbenefit of worldwide teams for product style is that:
D. Ease of challenge to challenge meetings is absent given that members are situated all over If confront to face interaction is compelled, worldwide style groups can not be a viable option.
Mobile phones have advanced from tools intended to location and obtain phone calls into handheld multimedia communications devices, but in the eyes of some customers these new functions make the phones much less preferable. This is an instance of _________.
B. creeping featurism Customer satisfactivity isn’t strictly dependent on the variety of functions a product uses.
One action that isn’t component of organization blueprinting is:
A. Eliminate boundaries for the organization and decide on the level of interactivity needed Defining borders is a critical component of service blueprinting.
The research and advancement task which starts after positive study outcomes are easily accessible and also attempts to revolve these results right into beneficial commercial applications is:
C. advancement Advancement is the convariation of used research right into helpful commercial applications.
The advantages of standardization encompass which of the following? (I.) The opportunity to freeze architecture at a very early stage (II.) Fewer components to address in inventory (III.) Reduced training price and also time (IV.) Purchasing is even more routine
D. II, III, IV Standardization doesn’t necessarily assist in freezing deindicators early on.
Products or services via a high level of similarity of attributes and components are called:
D. product family’s Delineating product households helps bring about component commonality.
"Must have", "expected" and "excitement" features are categories in the ____ model.
B. Kano The Kano design is an alternative to "more is better" architecture approaches
One feasible disbenefit of modular style is that:
C. number of configurations of modules decreases Modular deindications perform have the impact of reducing range.
In the area of product and also business design, the acronym CAD refers to:
B. computer system aided architecture CADVERTISEMENT can increase the performance of product designers.
Which of the complying with statements about CAD is not true?
E. It is used effectively by all manufacturing providers. Not all manufacturers usage CADVERTISEMENT.
Which one of the complying with is not a element of effective product and service design?
D. usage computerized style techniques Computerized design techniques don’t necessarily lead to effective product and also organization style.
A software application firm is weighing whether to release a new version of its software application. The firm deserve to go ahead and also release the variation currently and also correct flegislations via subsequent patches or upqualities, or it have the right to wait until the brand-new variation is reasonably bug-totally free. This is an instance of _____.
C. vaporware Vaporware is attractive from some perspectives yet not from others
Ideas for new or enhanced deindicators deserve to come from:
E. all of the over Companies look to many type of sources for concepts for brand-new or boosted deindications.
The process of dismantling and inspecting a competitor’s brand-new or revised product for the function of gleaning architecture concepts is called:
C. reverse design Reverse engineering deserve to be a great resource of concepts for product style.
The term ‘degrees of newness’ is linked with:
D. degree of style change Superficial architecture transforms are low in ‘levels of newness.
The term ‘standardization’ is carefully connected with:
E. interchangecapability Modular designs depfinish on standardized components that are interchangeable.
Service design generally differs from product design in which of the following ways?
B. Tright here is less latitude in detecting and correcting errors before delivery. Often business style flegislations are not found till some customers have actually been served.
The structural strategy for integrating customer demands right into eincredibly aspect of product advancement is known as:
C. high quality attribute deployment Quality Function Deployment brings the voice of the customer right into the product breakthrough procedure.
Which of the complying with is an concern that developers have to take into account in product and also company design?
E. all of the above Deindications must reflect a large number of components.
One of these is not a characteristic of a well-designed organization system:
C. Distributed computer system networks Well-designed organization devices tfinish to be user friendly, robust, cost-effective and also simple to sustain.
A formal method to record customer needs is:
B. quality function deployment (QFD) QFD brings the voice of the customer right into the style process.
Which of the adhering to is not true around re-manufacturing?
D. It produces high high quality assets conveniently. Re-production can be a very hard and also costly process.
Which of the complying with is not one of the phases of product architecture and development?
E. performance used study Product style and development starts after used research study has been done.
Elements of the service process in which there is little to no contact with the customer are referred to as ____________.
C. back-of-the-home Those elements entailing extensive contact with the customer are referred to as "front-of-the-house" operations.
In solutions, flowcharts are beneficial for ____________.
B. identifying and also determining the sequence of customer and also business actions and also interactions The customer-business interactivity is depicted using flowcharts.