Short Description 1 Cell Energetics Practice Multiple Choice Identify the alternative that ideal completes the statement or answers the question... Description
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Cell Energetics Practice Multiple Choice Identify the option that ideal completes the statement or answers the question. ____1. The ultimate resource of power for nearly all living organisms is: a. heat. b. glucose. c. carbohydprices. d. lipids. e. the sun.____2. Which of the adhering to statements is contrary to the initially law of thermodynamics? a. When gasoline is burned, its energy is destroyed. b. Energy have the right to be moved from one form to an additional. c. Energy can be converted from one form to another. d. Matter deserve to be converted into power. e. The amount of energy in the cosmos is consistent.____3. Only 20% to 30% of the energy stored in the chemical bonds of gasoline molecules is transdeveloped right into mechanical energy; the other 70% to 80% is dissipated as waste warm. Which statement explains this phenomenon? a. The initially law of thermodynamics. b. The second legislation of thermodynamics. c. When power is converted from one develop to one more, some of the energy is converted right into warm. d. Both the first and also second legislations of thermodynamics. e. Both the second regulation of thermodynamics, and also the monitoring that the conversion of energy involves some power being converted to heat. Figure 7-1 Use the figure to answer the corresponding question(s).____4. Which of the adhering to statements around Figure 7-1 is true? a. The reactants have even more totally free energy than the commodities. b. The commodities have even more complimentary energy than the reactants. c. The number represents a spontaneous reaction. d. The number represents an endergonic reaction. e. The reaction is endergonic, and likewise the products have even more totally free power than the reactants.____5. Energy stored within the molecules of ATP is in the create of __________ energy. a. kinetic b. c. d. e.warm potential nuclear light____6. Which of the complying with statements concerning ATP is FALSE? a. It is a nucleotide. b. It is referred to as the energy currency of the cell. c. It consists of phosphate groups joined in a series. d. It stores power for long durations. e. It includes phosphate groups joined by unsteady bonds.____7. Select the compound that contains the the majority of energy: a. AMP b. ADP c. ATP d. P e. Cannot identify using the information provided.____8. Select the phosphorylation reaction: a. glucose + fructose → sucrose + H2O b. glucose + ATP → glucose-P + ADP c. glucose-P + fructose → sucincreased + Pi d. glucose + glucose → maltose e. Namong these are phosphorylation reactions.____9. Since enzymes impact the rate of chemical reactions without being consumed, they are referred to as: a. hydrogen acceptors. b. activation energy. c. catalysts. d. cytochromes. e. transdevelopment proteins.____ 10. Which of the adhering to is NOT a component of an ATP molecule? a. adenine b. ribose c. chlorophyll d. phosphate ____ 11. Energy is released from ATP when a. a phosphate group is included. b. adenine bonds to ribose. c. ATP is exposed to sunlight. d. a phosphate group is rerelocated. Figure 8–1 ____ 12. Look at Figure 8–1. All of the complying with are parts of an ADP molecule EXCEPT a. framework A. b. structure B. c. framework C. d. framework D. ____ 13. Which structures presented in Figure 8–1 comprise an ATP molecule? a. A and also B b. A, B, and also C c. A, B, C, and D d. C and D ____ 14. In Figure 8–1, in between which parts of the molecule must the bonds be broken to form an ADP molecule? a. A and also B b. A and C c. B and C d. C and also D ____ 15. What happens in the time of photosynthesis? a. Heterotrophs consume ATP. b. Heterotrophs produce ATP. c. Autotrophs consume carbohydrates. d. Autotrophs produce carbohydprices. ____ 16. What happens once chlorophyll is struck by sunlight? a. The electrons in the chlorophyll molecule end up being energized. b. The chlorophyll molecule is broken right into two components. c. A chemical reactivity transforms chlorophyll into high energy carbohydprices. d. Energy from fat molecules is released. Figure 8–3 ____ 17. Which chemical presented in Figure 8–3 is an electron carrier molecule? a. H2O b. carbon dioxide c. NADP+ d. oxygen ____ 18. A student is collecting the gas offered off from a plant in bbest sunlight at a temperature of 27°C. The gas being built up is more than likely a. oxygen. b. carbon dioxide. c. ATP. d. glucose. ____ 19. In the in its entirety equation for photosynthesis, 6 molecules of carbon dioxide and six molecules of water lead to a molecule of sugar and 6 molecules of a. glucose. b. water. c. oxygen. d. ATP.A.B. Figure 8–4 ____ 20. In Figure 8–4, why might the candle in jar A burn much longer than the candle in jar B? a. Carbon dioxide developed by the plant enables the candle to burn much longer. b. Chlorophyll produced by the plant enables the candle to burn much longer. c. Glucose developed by the plant enables the candle to burn longer. d. Oxygen produced by the plant enables the candle to burn much longer. ____ 21. What are the commodities of the light-dependent reactions? a. oxygen gas and glucose b. ATP, NADPH, and also oxygen gas c. ATP, carbon dioxide gas, and also NADPH d. carbon dioxide gas, oxygen gas, and also NADPH ____ 22. The Calvin cycle is another name for the a. light-independent reactions. b. light-dependent reactions. c. photosynthesis reactivity. d. electron deliver chain. ____ 23. What is a product of the Calvin cycle? a. oxygen gas b. ATP c. high-power sugars d. carbon dioxide gas ____ 24. If carbon dioxide is entirely rerelocated from a plant’s environment, what would you intend to occur to the plant’s production of high-power sugars? a. More sugars will certainly be created. b. No sugars will certainly be created. c. The exact same number of sugars will certainly be produced yet without carbon dioxide. d. Fewer sugars will be produced at first, however then the plant will recoup. ____ 25. If you continue to rise the intensity of light that a plant receives, what happens? a. The price of photosynthesis rises indefinitely with light intensity. b. The rate of photosynthesis decreases incertainly with light intensity. c. The rate of photosynthesis rises and also then levels off. d. The rate of photosynthesis does not readjust.Figure 8–5 ____ 26. In which speculative setup displayed over would certainly you mean the Elodea plant inside the test tube to create the LEAST amount of oxygen? a. b. c. d.A B C DFigure 8–6 ____ 27. Imagine that y-axis of each graph in Figure 8–6 describes the price of photosynthesis. Which of the graphs represents the result of temperature on the rate of photosynthesis? a. A b. B c. C d. D ____ 28. Imagine that y-axis of each graph in Figure 8–6 describes the price of photosynthesis. Which of the graphs represents the effect of light intensity on the rate of photosynthesis? a. A b. B c. C d. D ____ 29. Which of the processes displayed in Figure 8-2 perform not use a cell’s energy? Figure 8-2 a. A b. Bc. C d. D____ 30. Throughout photosynthesis light power is converted to the energy in chemical bonds. What likewise happens according to the predictions of the second regulation of thermodynamics? a. chemical power is converted to light energy b. matter is shed in the procedure c. heat is released in the process d. the light and also chemical energy are equal ____ 31. The energy obtained in the light-dependent reactions is supplied in the light-independent reactions to build glucose molecules. How is this energy transferred from light-dependent to light-independent reactions? a. in the bonds of ATP and NADPH molecules b. in the bonds of 5-carbon ribulose molecules c. in the bonds of 3-carbon phosphoglycerate molecules d. in the bonds of carbon dioxide molecules ____ 32. Infer why chloroplasts are discovered mainly in the leaves of plants. a. The big surface location of leaves enables for maximum light absorption. b. The waxy coating on the surconfront of leaves helps proccasion evaporation. c. Chlorophyll interferes via the xylem and phloem in the stems and trunks of plants. d. The large surconfront area of leaves enables for call with oxygen. ____ 33. The reactions of the Calvin cycle are not straight dependent on light, but they commonly do not take place at night. Which of the complying with statements explains why not? a. The Calvin cycle relies on products of light reactions. b. Carbon dioxide is not obtainable at night. c. It is also cold at night for reactions to take area. d. Many plants do not make the 4-carbon compounds that would certainly be necessary for the Calvin cycle to take place at night. ____ 34. Where does the oxygen provided in cellular respiration end up? a. water c. NADH b. ATP d. glucose ____ 35. The carry of electrons from glucose to oxygen during aerobic respiration takes area in a stepwise fashion through a number of intermediates quite than by direct move. This is because: a. it is chemically difficult to carry electrons directly from glucose to oxygen. b. the chemical intermediates donate some of their electrons in order to boost the electron pool. c. the energy of the electrons deserve to be offered to make ADP. d. the power of the electrons can be supplied to make ATP. e. the energy of the proloads have the right to be provided to make ATP. ____ 36. How do organisms get the energy they need? a. by burning food molecules and also releasing their energy as heat b. by breathing oxygen into the lungs and combining it with carbon dioxide c. by breaking dvery own food molecules gradually and also recording their chemical power d. by utilizing the sun’s energy to break dvery own food molecules and create chemicals ____ 37. Which of the adhering to is NOT a stage of cellular respiration? a. b. c. d.fermentation electron carry glycolysis Krebs cycle____ 38. What is the correct equation for cellular respiration? a. 6O2 + C6H12O6 → 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy b. 6O2 + C6H12O6 + Energy → 6CO2 + 6H2O c. 6CO2 + 6H2O → 6O2 + C6H12O6 + Energy d. 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy → 6O2 + C6H12O6 ____ 39. What are the reactants in the equation for cellular respiration? a. oxygen and lactic acid b. carbon dioxide and water c. glucose and also oxygen d. water and also glucoseFigure 9–1 ____ 40. Using Figure 9–1, which pairing matches the frameworks shown in the cell diagrams via the procedures that take location within those structures? a. A: photosynthesis; B: cellular respiration b. C: photosynthesis; D: cellular respiration c. D: photosynthesis; E: cellular respiration d. E: photosynthesis; D: cellular respiration ____ 41. Which procedure does NOT release energy from glucose? a. glycolysis b. photosynthesis c. fermentation d. cellular respiration ____ 42. Photosynthesis is to chloroplasts as cellular respiration is to a. chloroplasts. b. cytoplasm. c. mitochondria. d. nuclei. ____ 43. Glycolysis calls for a. ATP. b. oxygen. c. sunlight. d. NADP+. ____ 44. Which of the complying with is NOT a product of glycolysis? a. NADH b. pyruvic acid c. ATP d. glucose ____ 45. The Krebs cycle does NOT occur if a. oxygen is existing. b. oxygen is not present. c. glycolysis occurs. d. carbon dioxide is present. ____ 46. The Krebs cycle produces a. oxygen. b. lactic acid. c. carbon dioxide. d. glucose.Figure 9–2 ____ 47. What process do the arrows for oxygen going in and also water coming out represent in the Figure 9–2 diagram of the mitochondria? a. electron carry b. fermentation c. glycolysis d. the Krebs cycle ____ 48. Which of the complying with pass high-energy electrons to the electron transfer chain? a. NADH and also FADH2 b. ATP and ADP c. citric acid d. acetyl–CoA ____ 49. Cellular respiration offers 1 molecule of glucose to develop approximately a. 2 ATP molecules. b. 4 ATP molecules. c. 32 ATP molecules. d. 36 ATP molecules. ____ 50. Lactic acid fermentation occurs in a. breview dough. b. any type of setting containing oxygen. c. muscle cells. d. mitochondria. ____ 51. The two primary forms of fermentation are dubbed a. alcoholic and aerobic. b. aerobic and anaerobic. c. alcoholic and lactic acid. d.
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lactic acid and anaerobic.