William Shakespeare! The epitome of English literature is great, not just bereason of his composing abilities, yet additionally because of his art of borrowing, combining, and also redeveloping something new via a twist. His true excellence shows via his tragic plays which are check out and also perdeveloped even today. Let us attempt to find out the attributes of his tragedies that made them stand also out from various other literary functions.

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A ‘tragic flaw’, by interpretation, is a personality trait that leads to the downfevery one of the protagonist. It have the right to also be a wrong action percreated by the protagonist that results in his own damage. It is the many important aspect in the tragedy and nearly eexceptionally hero/heroine of a Shakespearean tragedy possesses a tragic fregulation. Instances of tragic flegislations in Shakespearean tragedy are: Macbeth’s obsession through power, Othello’s jealousy, and also Hamlet’s indecisiveness.

Superherbal Elements


Use of super-natural facets is a prevalent characteristic of Elizabethan drama, to which Shakespeare’s plays are no exemption. Superorganic powers add to the fate of the protagonist. However before, they are not solely responsible for the downfevery one of the hero; it still lies in the deeds/actions of the hero. Generally, these actions are the outcome of the protagonist’s over-ambitious nature (as in Macbeth where he desires to come to be the king) or the feeling of revenge. Additionally, they are not illusions in the mind of the hero because they add to the action of the play with their visibility in more than one or two scenes. The effective use of witches in Shakespeare’s plays reflect the primitive social ideas in the evil powers who exercise evil rites to impact the central character(s). For instance, in Macbeth, when Macbeth encounters the three witches, he starts believing whatever they say without questioning their existence. This is what the primitive social idea in the evil spirits reflected in Shakespeare’s tragedy.

Internal and External Conflict


The outside conflict, as we can easily make out, is the conflict between two human being, the tragic hero and one more primary character of the story. It have the right to likewise be the conflict between two parties, among which is led by the tragic hero. The outcome of the exterior conflict is constantly in favor of the various other party as it is the excellent party. When talking around the inward struggle of the hero, the dispute represents the battle of thoughts in his mind. The result of this struggle, many kind of a time is that the hero goes insane (as in King Lear, the king becomes mentally ill). The inward battle additionally consists of the activity of spiroutine forces which work versus the hero.



As the tragic hero/heroine is of high estate and also is a public number, his/her downfall produces a contrast which affects not just his/her personal life, yet the fate and also welfare of the entire nation or the empire. It shows the powerlessness of human beings and the omnipotence of fate that an individual story of a peasant or a worker cannot produce. The adverse effects of fate on the empire are obvious in Macbeth, when Duncan’s sons Malcolm and also Macduff are planning to defeat Macbeth and at the very same time trying to support the collapsing kingdom. Macduff suggests that Malcolm take the throne, but Malcolm is not mature enough to hold the falling empire.

The Theme of Foul and Revenge

As it is a tragedy, foul has to counterfeit fair; an uncreated preeminence of a Shakespearean tragedy. In truth, “fair is foul and foul is fair” is the refrain of the play. The whole play revolves roughly the template of foul turning fair. The incredibly first line of the first scene of the play spoken by the 3 witches shows the intensity of the template. Similarly, in Hamlet, revenge is the theme built cleverly appropriate from the beginning of the play and also making it the driving force behind the character of Hamlet.

Paradox of Life

Shakespeare’s tragedies reflect the paradox of life, in the sense that the calamity and also enduring skilled by the tragic hero are contrasted with the previous happiness and also glory. This paradox is very clear in Macbeth. Initially, Macbeth is shown as the most brave and loyal soldier of the country and is rewarded by king Dunhave the right to for his braexceptionally and love for the country. However, Macbeth is not satisfied with whatever before he gets and also desires even more. This desire or over-ambitious nature leads him to think evilly and also act on it, which is an extreme finish of his real personality.


Any piece of literature, or any kind of art create for that matter, is effective as soon as it evokes pity, are afraid, and other such emotions in the audience. It is well-known as catharsis, where the audience feels sympathy for the character and also empathize with his/her sufferings. If the play has the capacity to move the audience by its plot, human being who are reading the play or watching it in the theater deserve to determine via the personalities and also feel that they have actually equivalent experiences in their life.

Tragic Structure

A tragic story (Shakespearean) deserve to be separated into 4 parts and they are as follows:

Exposition: Exposition is the beginning of the play wbelow the reader/audience gets to understand the characters and also their traits, the general setting of the story, the significant problem in the story and a lot of importantly, the tragic flegislation of the hero. Usually, exposition begins and ends in the initially act itself, however, periodically tright here are some characters who enter late right into the story. Rising Action: Rising action develops through the second act and exhas a tendency up to the third and also the fourth act. This is the moment when the plot gathers momentum and the action rises. The plot eventually reaches the crisis wbelow the hero makes a decision that transforms the course of the play, sealing his own fate. For example, Macbeth kills Duncan in act II whereas Lear’s foolish decision to divide the kingdom occurs in act I. This is just how the location of the crisis differs from play to play. By the end of the climbing activity, the hero is left alone for the rest of the story.Falling Action: From the beginning of the fourth act, the opposite forces become active and also begin an open resist. They additionally begin plottingthe removal of the hero as an outcome of which the power of the tragic hero starts declining.Resolution: In the last and also last act, the opposite pressures reach the complete power and defeat the isolated tragic hero. This is the moment as soon as the hero recognizes his faults, yet, cannot execute anything about it.

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Shakespeare composed 10 tragedies in all namely, Antony and Cleopatra, Coriolanus, Hamlet, Julius Caesar, King Lear, Macbeth, Othello, Romeo and Juliet, Timon of Athens and also Titus Andronicus, out of which the four dark tragedies, Hamlet, Macbeth, Romeo and Juliet, and also King Lear are the most admired. Acomponent from tragedies, necessary works of Shakespeare incorporate romantic comedies, historical plays and 154 love sonnets.