The time interval in between two waves is well-known as a Period whereas a function that repeats its values at continual intervals or durations is recognized as a Periodic Function. In other words, a regular function is a duty that repeats its values after eincredibly certain interval.

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The duration of the attribute is this certain interval stated above.

A attribute f will be routine through duration m, so if we have

f (a + m) = f (a), For every m > 0.

It shows that the function f(a) possesses the same values after an interval of “m”. One can say that after every interval of “m” the attribute f repeats all its values.

For example – The sine feature i.e. sin a has a duration 2 π because 2 π is the smallest number for which sin (a + 2π) = sin a, for all a.

We might also calculate the period making use of the formula obtained from the fundamental sine and also cosine equations. The duration for function y = A sin(Bx + C) and also y = A cos(Bx + C) is 2π/|B| radians.

The reciprocal of the period of a duty = frequency

Frequency is defined as the number of cycles completed in one second. If the duration of a role is dedetailed by P and f be its frequency, then –f =1/ P.

Fundamental Period of a Function

The fundamental duration of a function is the period of the function which are of the create,


f(x+k)=f(x), then k is called the period of the function and also the function f is called a regular attribute.

Now, let us specify the attribute h(t) on the interval <0, 2> as follows:


If we extfinish the function h to every one of R by the equation,


=> h is regular through duration 2.

The graph of the function is displayed listed below.


How to Find the Period of a Function?

If a role repeats over at a continuous duration we say that is a periodic attribute.It is stood for prefer f(x) = f(x + p), p is the real number and also this is the period of the function.Period means the moment interval in between the 2 events of the wave.

Period of a Trigonometric Function

The distance between the repetition of any kind of attribute is called the period of the function. For a trigonometric function, the length of one complete cycle is called a period. For any kind of trigonometry graph feature, we can take x = 0 as the founding point.

In general, we have actually 3 standard trigonometric functions choose sin, cos and also tan functions, having actually -2π, 2π and also π duration respectively.

Sine and also cosine attributes have the forms of a periodic wave:


Period: It is represented as “T”. A period is a distance among two repeating points on the graph function.Amplitude: It is represented as “A”. It is the distance in between the middle suggest to the highest or lowest allude on the graph attribute.

sin(aθ) = 2πa and also cos(aθ) = 2πa

Period of a Sine Function

If we have a role f(x) = sin (xs), wright here s > 0, then the graph of the attribute renders finish cycles in between 0 and also 2π and also each of the function have the period, p = 2π/s

Now, let’s discuss some examples based on sin function:

Let us discuss the graph of y = sin 2x


Period = πAxis: y = 0 Amplitude: 1Maximum value = 1
Minimum value = -1Domain: x : x ∈ R Range = < -1, 1>

Period of a Tangent Function

If we have a duty f(a) = tan (as), where s > 0, then the graph of the function provides finish cycles between −π/2, 0 and also π/2 and also each of the feature have the duration of p = π/s


Periodic Functions Examples

Let’s learn some of the examples of periodic attributes.

Example 1:

Find the period of the offered regular function f(x) = 9 sin(6x + 5).


Given regular feature is f(x) = 9 sin(6x+ 5)

Coefficient of x = B = 6

Period = 2π/ |B|, right here period of the routine attribute = 2π/ 6 = π/3

Example 2:

What is the period of the adhering to regular function?

f(a) = 6 cos 5a


The given routine feature is f(a) = 6 cos 5a. We have the formula for the duration of the attribute.

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Period = 2π/B,

From the given, B = 5

Hence, the period of the offered periodic attribute = 2π/5

Example 3:

Graph of y = 4 sin(a/2)



Period = 4πAxis: y = 0 Amplitude: 4Maximum value = 4Minimum value = -4Domain: x : x ∈ R Range = < -4, 4>

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