Railroads in the Late 19th Century
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Night scene on the New York Central Railroad., Amerihave the right to Expush company"s special express train Popular Graphic Arts

Beginning in the beforehand 1870s, railroad building in the United States enhanced drastically. Prior to 1871, around 45,000 miles of track had actually been lassist. Between 1871 and 1900, another 170,000 miles were added to the nation"s flourishing railroad device. Much of the growth have the right to be attributed to the building of the transcontinental railroads. In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railmeans Act, which authorized the building and construction of a transcontinental railroad. The first such railroad was completed on May 10, 1869. By 1900, four extra transcontinental railroads connected the eastern says via the Pacific Coast.

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Four of the 5 transcontinental railroadways were developed through assistance from the federal government via land also grants. Receiving countless acres of public lands from Congress, the railroads were assured land also on which to lay the tracks and land to offer, the proceeds of which aided carriers finance the construction of their railroads. Not all railroadways were constructed with government assistance, yet. Smaller railroadways had actually to purchase land also on which to lay their tracks from private owners, some of whom objected to the railroads and refsupplied to grant legal rights of way.

Laying track and living in and also among the railroad building camps was often incredibly challenging. Railroad building crews were not only subjected to extreme weather conditions, they had actually to lay tracks across and with many kind of organic geographical attributes, consisting of rivers, canyons, hills, and desert. Like other huge financial opportunity cases in the widening nation, the railroad construction camps attracted all forms of characters, nearly every one of whom were searching for means to turn a quick profit, legally or illegally. Life in the camps was regularly very crude and also turbulent.

By 1900, much of the nation"s railroad device remained in place. The railroad opened the method for the settlement of the West, gave brand-new economic opportunities, engendered the advancement of tvery own and areas, and also mainly tied the country together. When the railroadways were shut down throughout the excellent railroad strike of 1894, the true prestige of the railroadways was fully realized.

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To discover other papers in slrfc.org relating to this topic, use the term railroad through such various other terms as land grantsconstruction and building and construction campstranscontinental, and Railroad Strike of 1894.