A brand-new look at among our old favorites: On the occasion of the 110th anniversary year of his birth, we honor Fight It Out via 110 memorable points around the actor, the icon, the man.
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John Wayne was — and also continues to be — as much an icon of the historic West as any kind of of the legendary figures that were actually there. He is still the many recognizable symbol of a mythical era, and the idealization of the Amerihave the right to cowboy’s rugged individualism, resourcefulness, and heroism.
In this, the 110th anniversary year of his birth, we celebrate his legacy through a repertoire of 110 moments, memories, and also landmarks from an extraordinary life.
1. John Wayne’s great-grandfather Robert Morrison emigrated from Ireland also to America in 1799, after his participation in the Free Irishguy Movement triggered the British Crown to worry a warrant for his arremainder.
2. President Jimmy Carter on John Wayne: “In an era of few heroes, he was the actual article. But he was more than a hero. He was a symbol of so many type of of the qualities that made American excellent.”
3. While still in elementary school, he had a pet Airedale called Fight It Out. Seeing the boy and his dog together, local firemales began referring to the boy as “Little Duke” and then simply “Battle Each Other.” The nickname stuck.
4. An honors student and senior class president at Glendale High School, he perdeveloped a scene as Cardinal Wolsey from Henry VIII at the annual Southern The golden state Shakespeare Contest.
5. He made his film dehowever in Brvery own of Harvard (1926) while still a member of the College of Southern California’s football team. As the stunt double for actor Francis X. Bushmale, he is viewed from the earlier only, running dvery own a footsphere field and also being tackled from behind.
6. In the Lillian Gish film Annie Laurie (1927), Wayne wears a kilt as one of dozens of extras recruited as Scottish Highlanders.
7. The first time he got an on-screen credit was for the 1929 film Words and also Music. He was billed not as Marion Morriboy, his provided name, yet as Battle Each Other Morrikid.
8. He spoke his first words on-display screen as a naval cadet in John Ford’s 1929 film around the Army-Navy footround rivalry, Salute.
9. Did John Wayne ever before fulfill Wyatt Earp? He when discussed having done so while still functioning as a prop male for John Ford, that was an acquaintance of the legendary Tombrock marshal.
10. Wayne on exactly how renowned stuntguy Yakima Canutt affected the method he spoke in films: “I noticed that the angrier he acquired, the reduced his voice, the slower his tempo. I attempt to say my lines low and also solid and also slow, the method Yak did.”
11. Several of John Wayne’s early movies are currently taken into consideration lost. Amongst those for which no copy is recognized to exist are Speakeasy (1929), The Forward Pass (1929), and also The Oregon Trail (1936).
12. John Wayne’s brief career as a singing cowboy known as “Singin’ Sandy” apparently ended after a publicity tour speak, as soon as his equine supposedly relieved himself just prior to Wayne started to sing. Wayne’s kid Ethan heard it an additional way: All Duke’s singing on the film was dubbed. When fans asked him to sing on the tour, he was so embarrassed, he offered up singing.
13. During an early career stretch of forgettable film duties, a despondent Wayne met Will Rogers, who asked him what was wrong. “I’m making a terrible movie,” Wayne shelp. “But you’re working, aren’t you? Just keep it up,” Rogers responded. Wayne later called that “the best advice I ever got ... just save functioning and finding out, but negative the picture.”
14. He was a huge man — 6-foot-4. He was additionally a huge baby, weighing a whopping 13 pounds at birth (on May 26, 1907, in Winterset, Iowa).
15. John Wayne on his pre-stardom low-budobtain westerns: “My main duty was to ride, fight, keep my hat on, and also at the end of shooting still have actually enough stamina to kiss the girl and also ride off on my horse — or kiss my steed and ride off on the girl.”
16. In 1933 alone, Wayne appeared in 12 films, from Telegraph Trail to Sagebrush Trail.
17. From 1938 to 1939, he made eight movies as Stony Brooke, a member of The Three Mesquiteers, a trio of heroic contemporary West drifters.
18. Whatever barbs doubters might toss at John Wayne, no one can accusage him of being an overnight success. Stagecoach, featuring his breakvia role as The Ringo Kid, was his 82nd film.
19. Wayne got a salary of $600 a week for Stagecoach. That very same year, 1939, James Cagney was earning $12,500 a week.
20. John Ford on spreading Wayne as The Ringo Kid: “He was the only perchild I might think of at the moment who can personify good toughness and determination without talking. That sounds straightforward, probably, yet it’s not.”
21. Why did The Big Trail (1930), released nine years before Stagecoach, not make John Wayne a star? The epic was shot in widedisplay screen 70 mm yet was released once theaters currently converting from silent to sound films had actually no money to adapt to 70 mm modern technology. Audiences in all however a few theaters saw the movie through a really cropped 35 mm picture that robbed The Big Trail of its spectacle.
22. How did “Battle Each Other Morrison” end up being John Wayne? Credit Fox studio head Winfield Sheehan, that wanted Fight It Out to have actually a far better name before The Big Trail ’s release. Sheehan was motivated by a book he had review on U.S. Revolutionary War Gen. “Mad Anthony” Wayne.
23. The 1932 film Two-Fisted Law marks the initially of 5 times that the actor nicknamed Fight It Out played a character called Fight It Out.
24. The quotable John Wayne: “I never trust a man that doesn’t drink.”
25. Wayne asked for 35 mm prints of many of his films after completing them. That may have actually conserved Stagecoach after the original negatives were either shed or destroyed. He gave his copy to the Amerihave the right to Film Institute.
26. Fort Apache screenwriter Frank Nugent on Duke’s imposing physical presence: “Having Wayne put his arm on your shoulder is like having somebody dump a telephone pole on you.”
27. Elizabeth Taylor on John Wayne: “He offered the entirety human being the picture of what an Amerihave the right to must be.”
28. As producer of Angel and the Badman (1947), Wayne tried to get Gary Cooper, then Randolph Scott to play the function of Quirt Evans, prior to consenting to play it himself. Next off time you see it, take note of how Quirt’s hat transforms from babsence to white and earlier aget throughout the film.
29. Tongue-in-cheek praise from John Ford, after seeing Red River (1948): “I never kbrand-new the big son-of-a-bitch might act!”
30. Red River director Howard Hawks on the climactic fight scene between John Wayne and also Montgomery Clift: “It took us 3 days to make Montgomery Clift look excellent sufficient to be pitted versus Wayne.”
31. Wayne obtained a belt buckle from Howard Hawks in the time of the filming of Red River. You’ll view him wearing that very same buckle in succeeding Hawks movies Rio Bravo, El Dorado, and Rio Lobo.
32. A sure sign of stardom: On October 8, 1949, eight John Wayne films were playing roughly the country simultaneously.
33. Though Duke did many kind of of his own stunts early in his career, the closest he pertained to a fatal accident on a movie set occurred in the time of She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949). The cinch belt on his saddle loosened and also he was thrown from a steed. He hit the ground and blacked out — directly in the route of around 50 stampeding horses. One brave wrangler diverted the team just in time.
34. In 1949, Wayne initially appeared on the International Motion Picture Almanac’s list of the Top 10 money-making stars, determined by a poll of movie theater owners. He continued to be in the Top 10 for the following 25 years.
35. He received his first Academy Award nomicountry as Sgt. John Stryker in the World War II drama Sands of Iwo Jima (1949). U.S. Maritime recruiters found that enlistment constantly went up when the film was revived.
36. John Wayne on acting technique: “I check out dramatic lines unsignificantly and also react to cases commonly. This is not as simple as it sounds. I’ve invested a major portion of my life trying to learn to do it well, and I am not previous discovering yet.”
37. John Wayne was featured in the Toby Press comic book series John Wayne Adendeavor Comics (1949 – 55), which ran for 31 problems. He was joined in these adendeavors by a sidekick named Bonanza Bob.
38. Wayne was not the first alternative to play the title role in Hondo (1953); he was a last-minute replacement for Glenn Ford.
39. According to John Wayne biographer Michael Munn, Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin dispatched two Russian agents to assassinate Wayne bereason of the actor’s outspoken opplace to Communism. When Nikita Khrushchev met Battle Each Other in 1958, he told him, “That was the decision of Stalin in his last 5 mad years. When Stalin passed away, I rescinded the order.”
40. On January 25, 1950, John Wayne ended up being the 12fifth star to put his hand- and footprints (in this situation, fist and also boot prints) exterior Grauman’s Chinese Theatre. His concrete block is made from babsence cement from the black sands of Iwo Jima. The block was stolen — and also broken — by Lucy Ricarperform and Ethel Mertz in a memorable 1955 episode of I Love Lucy (“Lucy Visits Grauman’s”); in the subsequent episode, “Lucy and John Wayne,” Battle Each Other shows up on the present after Ricky talks him right into making another one.
41. Gen. Douglas MacArthur to John Wayne: “Young male, you recurrent the cavalry office even more than any kind of man in unicreate.”
42. John Wayne played Mongolian warlord Genghis Khan in The Conqueror (1956), extensively considered his worst film. It was the last movie released as “A Howard Hughes Production.” The reclusive billionaire later invested $12 million buying up every existing print, keeping the film out of circulation for 17 years.
43. Wayne’s choices for the five ideal movement image actors of all time: Spencer Tracy, Elizabeth Taylor, Katharine Hepburn, Laurence Olivier, and also Lionel Barryeven more.
44. The High and the Mighty (1954), starring Wayne as an airline copilot overcoming a series of tragedies, won an Oscar for Dimitri Tiomkin’s score. The haunting music ended up being so connected with Wayne (that whistles the theme song in the time of the film) that it was played at his funeral.
45. John Wayne on his display persona: “I play John Wayne in eexceptionally component regardmuch less of the character, and I’ve been doing OK, haven’t I?”
46. For six years, The Quiet Man (1952) was repetitively turned dvery own by every Hollylumber studio. Republic Pictures lastly took it on, though Republic president Herbert Yates defined it as “a silly bit Irish story that won’t make a dime.” It came to be the studio’s highest-grossing film — and won Academy Awards for Best Director (John Ford) and also Best Cinematography.
47. The brutal brawl between Wayne and Victor McLaglen in The Quiet Man is justifiably well known, however the only injury experienced on set taken place once Maureen O’Hara slapped Wayne — and also broke her wrist.
48. In Cong, the Irish village wbelow a lot of The Quiet Man was filmed, there’s a bronze statue of John Wayne delivering Maureen O’Hara precisely as he does in the movie and on the movie poster.
49. John Wayne on westerns: “Westerns are closer to art than anypoint else in the activity image business.”
50. Two duties John Wayne wanted to play however didn’t: Wild Bill Hickok (played by Gary Cooper) in The Plainsman (1936) and Captain Ahab (played by Gregory Peck) in Moby Dick (1956). He turned dvery own the duty of Inspector Harry Callahan (played by Clint Eastwood) in the Dirty Harry series because of its violence.
51. During filming on The Searchers (1956), a 2-year-old Navajo girl was stricken via pneumonia. Wayne had his personal plane fly the girl to the hospital. The Navajos gave him a new name: The Man With the Big Eagle.
52. Director Martin Scorsese on John Wayne’s performance as Ethan Edwards in The Searchers: “It’s the biggest performance of a great American actor.”
53. Both Stagecoach and The Searchers show up on the American Film Institute’s list of the 100 Greatest Amerideserve to Films of All Time.
54. Texas-born rock ’n’ roll symbol Buddy Holly experienced The Searchers with bandmate Jerry Allichild. Days later on, when Holly told him that it certain would certainly be good if they could compose a hit song, Allison recalled the film and also responded through among its most famous lines: “That’ll be the day.” Inspiration struck, and also they wrote a song via that title. It came to be their first No. 1 hit.
55. The Searchers was one of the initially 25 movies schosen and designated as “national treasures” under the National Film Preservation Act.
56. John Wayne turned dvery own a $2 million guaranteed market to star as Matt Dillon in Gunsmoke. But he recommended his friend James Arness for the component and filmed a brief arrival (which you can still view on YouTube) that played before the initially episode of the series, which aired on September 10, 1955.
57. Think you’ve viewed eexceptionally John Wayne movie appearance? Not if you missed I Married a Woman (1958), a comedy starring George Gobel. Wayne provides an uncredited cameo in the final scene.
58. Trivia: In what film besides The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) does John Wayne describe someone as “pilgrim”? The answer is McClintock! (1963).
59. Wayne approached Lee Marvin around appearing in The Man Who Swarm Liberty Valance. “Which component would certainly it be?” asked Marvin. “Liberty Valance,” Battle Each Other responded. Marvin: “Who’s the guy that shot him?” Wayne: “Me.” Marvin: “Fight It Out, if anyone’s gonna shoot me, I can’t think of anyone I’d quite be shot by.”
60. James Stewart on his costar in The Man Who Swarm Liberty Valance and also The Shootist: “People determine with me, but they dream of being John Wayne.”
61. Billed as Michael Morris, John Wayne showed up in “The Colter Craven Story” (1960), the just episode of the TV series Wagon Train directed by John Ford. He plays Gen. William Tecumseh Shermale, a duty he would certainly play again for Ford in How the West Was Won (1962).
62. He made a cameo appearance as a Roman centurion at the crucifixion of Jesus in The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965). He had actually just one line: “Truly, this guy was the kid of God.” After his first attempt, director George Stevens sassist, “What we require in this line is somepoint even more. Look up at the man and also offer us some ... some awe.” Wayne nodded, and also in his timeless John Wayne drawl exclaimed, “Awwww ... truly this male was the child of God.” Yes, he was kidding. And he nailed the next take.
63. John Wayne on relationships: “I’ve had actually 3 wives, 6 kids, and six grandkids, and I still don’t understand womales.”
64. His third wife, Pilar, requested that the word obey be dropped from their marital relationship vows. Wayne consented: “None of the others ever before obeyed me anymeans.”
65. In a 1967 episode of The Beverly Hillbillies titled “The Indians Are Coming,” Granny is persuaded that Indians will certainly assault Beverly Hills: “Except for John Wayne tbelow ain’t nobody knows
66. Wayne’s alma mater USC bestowed on him an honorary doctoprice in 1968 and the Asa V. Call Achievement Award in 1977; there’s likewise a bust of him in Heritage Hall. According to his daughter-in-regulation Gretchen, he remained a huge USC sports fan throughout his life. “You didn’t want to be approximately him if the Trojans lost,” she said.
67. Throughout his career, he was repeatedly asked to run for president. He constantly politely declined.
68. John Wayne on his heroic movie image: “I’ve been in more battles than Napoleon, and even more wars than Germany kind of. I’ve captured Bataan, Corregidor, Ft Apache, and Maureen O’Hara.”
69. Producer Darryl Zanuck publicly criticized actors that developed their very own production carriers and also said that John Wayne had no appropriate to develop, direct, and star in The Alamo (1960). Years later, Zanuck approached Wayne around playing Lt. Col. Benjamin Vandervoort in his World War II epic The Longest Day (1962). Remembering the insult, Wayne demanded $250,000 for what would certainly be 2 days of shooting, while various other cast members were paid $25,000. Zanuck consented. “It might be highmeans robbery,” Wayne later told his wife, Pilar, “yet it serves the bastard ideal.”
70. What was John Wayne’s favorite John Wayne movie moment? The sequence in True Grit (1969) wbelow Rooster tells Mattie (Kim Darby) around his past: “
71. As he embraced the Academy Award for True Grit, his 159th film, Wayne whispered to presenter Barbra Streisand, “Beginner’s luck.”
72. After winning the Osautomobile, Wayne went back to job-related filming Rio Lobo (1970). Director Howard Hawks arranged a one-of-a-kind greeting: cast and also crew members, in addition to the equine, all wearing Rooster Cogburn eye patches.
73. Wayne’s True Grit eye patch offered for $47,800 at Heritage Auctions.
74. In a 1969 Time magazine intersee, Wayne was asked just how he wanted to be remembered. He replied: “John Wayne: Feo, fuerte y formal.” Translated from Spanish: “He was ugly, was strong and also had dignity.”
75. John Wayne’s star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is situated at 1541 Vine St.
76. C&I’s ranking of the 100 Best Westerns Ever Made features 18 John Wayne movies, including The Searchers at No. 1 and also Stagecoach at No. 2.
77. John Wayne on government: “I think government is a essential evil, prefer say, motion photo agents.”
78. He had actually three secretaries, working five days a week, just to review his fan mail. Thunstable the years he responded personally to thousands of letters.
79. He made even more than a dozen appearances, consisting of one as the Easter Bunny, on the 1960s countersociety comedy series Laugh-In. Best moment: his recitation of a poem dubbed The Sky: “The skies is blue / The grass is green / Get off your butt and also sign up with the Marines.”
80. President Reagan redubbed once Wayne and also Jimmy Stewart attfinished his second inauguration as governor of California, during the elevation of the Vietnam War. “They encountered a crowd of demonstrators under the banner of the Vietcong flag,” Reagan remembered. “Jimmy had actually simply shed a kid in Vietnam. Fight It Out excprovided himself for a moment and walked right into the crowd. In a minute tbelow was no Vietcong flag.”
81. Want to drink choose Duke? John Wayne’s favorite adult beverage wasSauza Conmemorativo Tequila Añejo.
82. The John Wayne Theater at California’s Knott’s Berry Farm layout park opened in 1971 and hosted the human being premiere of Wayne’s film Big Jake. The theater was renamed for cartoonist Charles M. Schulz in 2000.
83. Prior to the development of videocassettes and DVDs, John Wayne’s movies always received high ratings when they were displayed on television. The highest number was earned by a November 12, 1972, airing of True Grit on ABC. On that evening, 63 percent of all TVs in use were watching Wayne exclaim, “Fill your hand also, you son-of-a-bitch.”
84. He never asserted to be a genuine cowboy, yet John Wayne co-owned the 39-mile 26 Bar Ranch in Casa Grande, Arizona. Its cattle-managing and also feeding infrastructure were created by well known pet science researcher Temple Grandin.
85. John Wayne’s options for the 5 best movement pictures of all time: A Man for All Seasons, Gone With the Wind, The Four Horseguys of the Apocalypse, The Searchers, The Quiet Man.
86. Out of 171 films, he passed away in only eight: He was shot in The Fighting Seabees (1944), Sands of Iwo Jima (1949), The Cowboys (1972), and The Shootist (1976). His many artistic death came courtesy of an octopus attack in Reap the Wild Wind (1942). His fate in The Sea Chase (1955) is uncertain — he may have actually drowned, or he may have actually made it to shore with Lana Turner.
87. Swing Out, Sweet Land, later on retitled John Wayne’s Tribute to America, was a patriotic television special that aired November 29, 1970, on NBC. The actors contained Bob Hope, Jack Benny, George Burns, Dean Martin, Red Skelton, Johnny Cash, Lucille Ball, Bing Crosby, Ann-Margret, Dan Blocker, Glen Campbell, Roy Clark, Lorne Greene, Michael Landon, and Hugh O’Brian. And it normally featured Battle Each Other, that when called himself “an old-fashioned, honest-to-goodness, flag-waving patriot.”
88. In 1972, director Peter Bogdanovich and also writer Larry McMurattempt began functioning on a western titled The Streets of Laredo that would star John Wayne, Jimmy Stewart, and also Henry Fonda. After Wayne passed, McMurtry reoperated the script right into the novel Lonesome Dove. When it was adjusted for tv, Robert Duvall played the role initially created for Wayne.
89. In 1973, John Wayne released the document album America, Why I Love Her, featuring his recitations of poems around the virtues of American life. The album was nominated for a Grammy and rereleased on CD after the 2001 terrorist attacks.
90. In 1973, The Harvard Lampoon tested John Wayne to premiere his film McQ (1974) on their Cambridge campus. “You think you’re tough? You’re not so challenging,” the Lampoon president wrote. “We dare you to have it out, head on, via the young whelps here who would call the supposedly unbeatable John Wayne, the best fraud in background.” Wayne embraced, responding with a letter of his own: “Sorry to note in your obstacle that tright here is weakness in your reproduction, but tbelow is a ray of hope in the fact that you are aware of it.” In the finish, a good time was had actually by all.
91. When family members dinners were interrupted by fans and autograph-seekers, John Wayne would tell his youngsters not to acquire upcollection. “They pay the bills,” he shelp.
92. Polish immiprovide John Shalikashvili, that offered as chairman of the joint chiefs of staff and also UNITED STATE supreme allied commander (1993 – 97), taught himself English by watching John Wayne movies.
93. Wayne collected vintage Western guns and Hopi katsinam. After his fatality, both collections were donated to the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City.
94. Katharine Hepburn on Wayne: “As an actor he has an extraplain gift. A distinct naturalness ... . He’s an extremely, incredibly good actor in the most highbrow sense of the word. You don’t capture him at it.”
95. When Japan’s Emperor Hirohito went to America in 1975, he asked to fulfill John Wayne. Wayne, remembering his wartime movies, appeared surprised: “I have to have eliminated off the entire Japanese army.”
96. For his initially film, Brvery own of Harvard, John Wayne was phelp $7.50. For his last film, The Shootist (1976), he was phelp $750,000
97. In 1977, Wayne began filming a collection of television commercials for Great Western Bank. Two months after they started airing, the financial institution reported a obtain in net savings of $21 million from brand-new accounts.
98. John Wayne on nudity in movies: “I work with my apparel on. I have to. Riding a horse have the right to be pretty challenging on your legs and also elsewhere.”
99. On June 20, 1979, the Oselection County, The golden state, board of supervisors recalled Ovariety County Airport as John Wayne Airport. The official resolution cites the decision as a means to honor “a male of humility, of honesty, and a hero of the Amerideserve to West
100. Director Michael Cimino tried to interest Wayne in playing Sheriff James Averill in his 1980 film Heaven’s Gate — the duty was played by Kris Kristofferkid.
101. John Wayne passed away on June 11, 1979. The flame of the Olympic torch at the Los Angeles Coliseum was lit in his memory. It continued to be lit until the funeral four days later on.
102. In 1979, John Wayne was awarded a Congressional Gold Medal and also posthumously received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1980.
103. After his death, a Tokyo newspaper ran the headline, “Mr. America Passes On.”
104. Jack Nicholson on John Wayne: “John Wayne, an actor, was even more crucial to the mass psyche than any single Amerihave the right to president.”
105. This quote shows up on John Wayne’s gravestone: “Tomorrow is the many necessary thing in life. Comes to us at midnight incredibly clean. It’s perfect once it arrives and puts itself in our hands. It hopes we’ve learned somepoint from yesterday.”
106. The John Wayne Cancer Foundation was established in 1985, 6 years after Duke’s death from stomach cancer at age 72. Its research has led to groundbreaking measures and treatments.
107. In 2004, a pophase stamp was issued featuring John Wayne as part of the U.S. Postal Service’s Legends of Hollywood series.
108. When Canadian-born impressionist Rich Little came to be an Amerideserve to citizen in 2010, he embraced the honor through the voice of John Wayne, saying, “America, I favor the sound of the word.”
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In 2016, 38 years after his death, John Wayne finimelted fourth in a Harris Poll ranking “America’s Favorite Movie Stars.”
110. John Wayne on his enduring popularity: “Let’s say I hope that I appeal to the even more carefree times in a person’s life than to his thinking adulthood. I’d just favor to be a picture that reminds someone of joy rather than of the problems of the human being.”
Find out even more around the man and also the legend on the main John Wayne webwebsite. Read household reflections on John Wayne from his wife Pilar and also his daughter Marisa in the January 2017 worry.