A play in 5 acts


Henrik Ibsen

Translated by R. Farquharkid Sharp




Dr. Thomas Stockmann, Medical Officer of the Municipal Baths. Mrs. Stockmann, his wife. Petra (their daughter) a teacher. Ejlif & Morten (their sons, aged 13 and also 10 respectively). Peter Stockmann (the Doctor"s elder brother), Mayor of the Town and Chief Consecure, Chairguy of the Baths" Committee, and so on. Morten Kiil, a tanner (Mrs. Stockmann"s adoptive father). Hovstad, editor of the "People"s Messenger." Billing, sub-editor. Captain Horster. Aslaksen, a printer.

You are watching: An enemy of the people act 1

Men of miscellaneous conditions and occupations, a few women, and a troop ofschoolboys—the audience at a public meeting.

The activity takes area in a coastal town in southerly Norway,



(SCENE.—DR. STOCKMANN"S sitting-room. It is evening. The room isplainly but neatly appointed and also furnished. In the right-hand also wall aretwo doors; the farther leads out to the hall, the nearer to thedoctor"s examine. In the left-hand wall, opposite the door bring about thehall, is a door bring about the various other rooms inhabited by the family. Inthe middle of the very same wall stands the oven, and, better forward, acouch with a looking-glass hanging over it and also an oval table in frontof it. On the table, a lighted lamp, through a lampshade. At the back ofthe room, an open up door leads to the dining-room. BILLING is seensitting at the dining table, on which a lamp is burning. He has actually anapkin tucked under his chin, and also MRS. STOCKMANN is standing by thetable handing him a big plate-full of roast beef. The various other locations atthe table are empty, and also the table somewhat in disorder, evidently ameal having recently been finiburned.)

Mrs. Stockmann. You watch, if you come an hour late, Mr. Billing, youneed to put up via cold meat.

Billing (as he eats). It is uncommonly excellent, give thanks to you—remarkably great.

Mrs. Stockmann. My husband also makes such a suggest of having his mealspunctually, you recognize.

Billing. That does not influence me a little. Without a doubt, I practically think I reap ameal all the much better as soon as I can sit down and also eat all by myself, andundisturbed.

Mrs. Stockmann. Oh well, as lengthy as you are enjoying it—. (Turns tothe hall door, listening.) I intend that is Mr. Hovstad coming as well.

Billing. Very likely.

(PETER STOCKMANN comes in. He wears an overcoat and his official hat,and carries a stick.)

Peter Stockmann. Good evening, Katherine.

Mrs. Stockmann (coming forward into the sitting-room). Ah, goodevening—is it you? How excellent of you to come up and view us!

Peter Stockmann. I taken place to be passing, and so—(looks right into thedining-room). But you have firm through you, I view.

Mrs. Stockmann (a tiny embarrassed). Oh, no—it was rather by chancehe came in. (Hurriedly.) Won"t you come in and also have something, too?

Peter Stockmann. I! No, give thanks to you. Good gracious—hot meat at night!Not with my digestion.

Mrs. Stockmann. Oh, but just once in a way—

Peter Stockmann. No, no, my dear lady; I stick to my tea and breview andbutter. It is much more wholesome in the lengthy run—and also a small moreeconomical, too.

Mrs. Stockmann (smiling). Now you mustn"t think that Thomas and I arespendthrifts.

Peter Stockmann. Not you, my dear; I would certainly never before think that of you.(Points to the Doctor"s examine.) Is he not at home?

Mrs. Stockmann. No, he went out for a small revolve after supper—he andthe boys.

Peter Stockmann. I doubt if that is a wise thing to carry out. (Lis10s.) Isophisticated I hear him coming currently.

Mrs. Stockmann. No, I do not think it is he. (A knock is heard at thedoor.) Come in! (HOVSTAD comes in from the hall.) Oh, it is you, Mr.Hovstad!

Hovstad. Yes, I hope you will certainly forgive me, however I was delayed at theprinters. Good evening, Mr. Mayor.

Peter Stockmann (bowing a small distantly). Good evening. You havecome on business, no doubt.

Hovstad. Partly. It"s around an post for the paper.

Peter Stockmann. So I imagined. I hear my brother has actually end up being a prolificcontributor to the "People"s Messenger."

Hovstad. Yes, he is good sufficient to compose in the "People"s Messenger"as soon as he has any kind of house truths to tell.

Mrs. Stockmann (to HOVSTAD). But won"t you—? (Points to thedining-room.)

Peter Stockmann. Quite so, quite so. I do not blame him in the least, asa writer, for addressing himself to the quarters where he will uncover thereadiest sympathy. And, besides that, I personally have no reason tobear any kind of ill will certainly to your paper, Mr. Hovstad.

Hovstad. I rather agree with you.

Peter Stockmann. Taking one thing via an additional, tright here is an excellentspirit of toleration in the town—an admirable municipal soul. And itall springs from the reality of our having a great widespread interemainder tounite us—an interemainder that is in an equally high level the concern ofeextremely right-minded citizen.

Hovstad. The Baths, yes.

Peter Stockmann. Exactly—-our fine, new, handsome Baths. Mark mywords, Mr. Hovstad—the Baths will certainly end up being the focus of our municipallife! Not a doubt of it!

Mrs. Stockmann. That is just what Thomas says.

Peter Stockmann. Think just how extraordinarily the area has actually developedwithin the last year or two! Money has actually been flowing in, and tright here issome life and some organization doing in the tvery own. Hooffers and also landedresidential or commercial property are rising in value eextremely day.

Hovstad. And joblessness is diminishing,

Peter Stockmann. Yes, that is an additional point. The burden on the poorprices has been lightened, to the great relief of the propertiedclasses; and also that relief will certainly be even higher if only we obtain a reallyexcellent summer this year, and also lots of visitors—plenty of invalids, whowill certainly make the Baths talked around.

Hovstad. And tright here is a great prospect of that, I hear.

Peter Stockmann. It looks extremely promising. Inquiries about apartmentsand also that type of thing are reaching us, every day.

Hovstad. Well, the doctor"s article will come in extremely suitably.

Peter Stockmann. Has he been creating somepoint just lately?

Hovstad. This is somepoint he wrote in the winter; a reference ofthe Baths—an account of the great sanitary conditions right here. But Iorganized the write-up over, temporarily.

Peter Stockmann. Ah,—some little obstacle about it, I suppose?

Hovstad. No, not at all; I assumed it would certainly be better to wait till thespring, bereason it is simply at this time that world begin to thinkseriously about their summer quarters.

Peter Stockmann. Quite right; you were perfectly ideal, Mr. Hovstad.

Hovstad. Yes, Thomas is really indefatigable once it is a question ofthe Baths.

Peter Stockmann. Well remember, he is the Medical Officer to the Baths.

Hovstad. Yes, and what is more, they owe their visibility to him.

Peter Stockmann. To him? Indeed! It is true I have heard from time totime that some human being are of that opinion. At the very same time I have to sayI imagined that I took a modest component in the enterpclimb.

Mrs. Stockmann. Yes, that is what Thomas is constantly saying.

Hovstad. But who denies it, Mr. Stockmann? You set the thing going andmade a handy issue of it; we all understand that. I only intended that theidea of it came first from the medical professional.

Peter Stockmann. Oh, ideas yes! My brvarious other has had plenty of them inhis time—unfortunately. But when it is a question of putting an idearight into valuable form, you need to use to a man of various mettle,Mr. Hovstad. And I definitely have to have believed that in this house atleastern...

Mrs. Stockmann. My dear Peter—

Hovstad. How have the right to you think that—?

Mrs. Stockmann. Won"t you go in and also have something, Mr. Hovstad? Myhusband also is certain to be back directly.

Hovstad. Thank you, possibly just a morsel. (Goes right into the dining-room.)

Peter Stockmann (lowering his voice a little). It is a curious thingthat these farmers" sons never before seem to lose their desire of tact.

Mrs. Stockmann. Sudepend it is not worth bothering about! Cannot you andThomas share the crmodify as brothers?

Peter Stockmann. I need to have thought so; but reportedly some peopleare not satisfied with a share.

Mrs. Stockmann. What nonsense! You and also Thomas acquire on so capitallytogether. (Lis10s.) Tright here he is at last, I think. (Goes out and opensthe door resulting in the hall.)

Dr. Stockmann (laughing and talking outside). Look here—here isan additional guest for you, Katherine. Isn"t that jolly! Come in, CaptainHorster; hang your coat up on this peg. Ah, you don"t wear an overcoat.Just think, Katherine; I met him in the street and also can hardlysway him to come up! (CAPTAIN HORSTER comes into the room andgreets MRS. STOCKMANN. He is followed by DR. STOCKMANN.) Come along in,boys. They are ravenously hungry aacquire, you recognize. Come alengthy, CaptainHorster; you must have actually a slice of beef. (Pushes HORSTER into thedining-room. EJLIF and MORTEN go in after them.)

Mrs. Stockmann. But, Thomas, don"t you see—?

Dr. Stockmann (turning in the doorway). Oh, is it you, Peter? (Shakeshands with him.) Now that is very delightful.

Peter Stockmann. Unfortunately I must go in a moment—

Dr. Stockmann. Rubbish! Tbelow is some toddy simply coming in. You haven"tforacquired the toddy, Katherine?

Mrs. Stockmann. Of course not; the water is boiling now. (Goes right into thedining-room.)

Peter Stockmann. Toddy too!

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, sit down and we will have it comfortably.

Peter Stockmann. Thanks, I never before care around an evening"s drinking.

Dr. Stockmann. But this isn"t an evening"s drinking.

Peter Stockmann. It appears to me—. (Looks in the direction of the dining-room.) Itis extraplain how they can put away all that food.

Dr. Stockmann (rubbing his hands). Yes, isn"t it splendid to see youngpeople eat? They have actually constantly acquired an appetite, you know! That"s as itneed to be. Lots of food—to build up their strength! They are thepeople that are going to stir up the fermenting forces of the future,Peter.

Peter Stockmann. May I ask what they will uncover right here to "stir up," asyou put it?

Dr. Stockmann. Ah, you must ask the young people that—when the timescomes. We shan"t be able to view it, of course. That stands toreason—2 old fogies, prefer us.

Peter Stockmann. Really, really! I must say that is a very oddexpression to—

Dr. Stockmann. Oh, you mustn"t take me too literally, Peter. I am soheartily happy and contented, you understand. I think it is such anextraordinary item of excellent fortune to be in the middle of all thisflourishing, germinating life. It is a splendid time to live in! It is asif a entirety brand-new civilization were being created roughly one.

Peter Stockmann. Do you really think so?

Dr. Stockmann. Ah, normally you can"t appreciate it as keenly as I.You have lived all your life in these surroundings, and also yourimpressions have actually been blunted. But I, that have actually been buried all theseyears in my little corner up north, almost without ever before seeing astranger that could lug brand-new principles through him—well, in my situation it hassimply the exact same impact as if I had actually been transported right into the middle of acrowded city.

Peter Stockmann. Oh, a city—!

Dr. Stockmann. I understand, I know; it is all cramped sufficient here, comparedthrough many type of other areas. But tright here is life here—tbelow is promise—thereare innumerable things to occupational for and also fight for; and also that is the mainthing. (Calls.) Katherine, hasn"t the postmale been here?

Mrs. Stockmann (from the dining-room). No.

Dr. Stockmann. And then to be comfortably off, Peter! That is somethingone learns to value, when one has been on the brink of starvation, aswe have.

Peter Stockmann. Oh, surely—

Dr. Stockmann. Undoubtedly I deserve to assure you we have actually frequently been exceptionally difficult putto it, up there. And currently to be able to live prefer a lord! Today, forcircumstances, we had roast beef for dinner—and also, what is even more, for suppertoo. Won"t you come and also have actually a little bit? Or let me display it you, atany kind of rate? Come here—

Peter Stockmann. No, no—not for worlds!

Dr. Stockmann. Well, however simply come here then. Do you see, we have actually obtained atable-cover?

Peter Stockmann. Yes, I noticed it.

Dr. Stockmann. And we have actually acquired a lamp-shade too. Do you see? All out ofKatherine"s savings! It makes the room so cosy. Don"t you think so?Just stand right here for a moment—no, no, not there—just below, that"s it!Look now, once you gain the light on it altogether. I really think itlooks incredibly nice, doesn"t it?

Peter Stockmann. Oh, if you have the right to afford luxuries of this kind—

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, I deserve to afford it now. Katherine tells me I earnpractically as a lot as we spend.

Peter Stockmann. Almost—yes!

Dr. Stockmann. But a scientific male need to live in a little little of style.I am rather certain an plain civil servant spends even more in a year than Iperform.

Peter Stockmann. I daresay. A civil servant—a guy in a well-paidplace...

Dr. Stockmann. Well, any type of simple seller, then! A guy in thatposition spends 2 or three times as much as—

Peter Stockmann. It just counts on circumstances.

Dr. Stockmann. At all occasions I assure you I don"t waste moneyunprofitably. But I can"t find it in my heart to deny myself thepleacertain of entertaining my friends. I need that sort of point, yourecognize. I have lived for so lengthy shut out of it all, that it is aneed of life to me to mix through young, eager, ambitious males, guys ofliberal and active minds; and also that explains eincredibly among those fellowsthat are enjoying their stop in there. I wish you knew even more of Hovstad.

Peter Stockmann. By the way, Hovstad was informing me he was going toprint another write-up of yours.

Dr. Stockmann. An article of mine?

Peter Stockmann. Yes, about the Baths. An article you wrote in thewinter.

Dr. Stockmann. Oh, that one! No, I do not intend that to appear just forthe existing.

Peter Stockmann. Why not? It appears to me that this would be the mostopportune moment.

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, extremely likely—under normal problems. (Crosses theroom.)

Peter Stockmann (following him via his eyes). Is there anythingabnormal about the present conditions?

Dr. Stockmann (standing still). To tell you the truth, Peter, I can"tsay just at this moment—at all events not tonight. Tright here might be muchthat is extremely abnormal about the present conditions—and it is possiblethere may be nothing abnormal about them at all. It is fairly possibleit may be just my creative thinking.

Peter Stockmann. I need to say it all sounds many mysterious. Is theresomepoint going on that I am to be retained in ignorance of? I should haveimagined that I, as Chairguy of the governing body of the Baths—

Dr. Stockmann. And I should have imagined that I—. Oh, come, do not letus fly out at one one more, Peter.

Peter Stockmann. Heaven forbid! I am not in the habit of flying out atpeople, as you call it. But I am entitcaused research a lot of emphaticallythat all arrangements shall be made in a businessfavor manner, throughthe appropriate channels, and also shall be encountered by the legally constitutedauthorities. I have the right to permit no going behind our backs by any type of roundaboutsuggests.

Dr. Stockmann. Have I ever at any time tried to go behind your backs?

Peter Stockmann. You have an ingrained tendency to take your very own way,at all events; and, that is practically equally inadmissible in a wellordered community. The individual ought undoubtedly to acquiesce insubordinating himself to the community—or, to speak even more accurately,to the authorities that have actually the treatment of the community"s welfare.

Dr. Stockmann. Very likely. But what the deuce has all this obtained to dothrough me?

Peter Stockmann. That is exactly what you never before appear to be willing tolearn, my dear Thomas. But, mark my words, some day you will certainly have toexperience for it—sooner or later. Now I have actually told you. Good-bye.

Dr. Stockmann. Have you taken leave of your senses? You are on thewrong scent altogether.

Peter Stockmann. I am not usually that. You need to excusage me now if I—(calls right into the dining-room). Good night, Katherine. Good night,gentleguys. (Goes out.)

Mrs. Stockmann (coming from the dining-room). Has he gone?

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, and in such a negative temper.

Mrs. Stockmann. But, dear Thomas, what have you been doing to him again?

Dr. Stockmann. Nopoint at all. And, anyexactly how, he can"t oblige me to makemy report before the correct time.

Mrs. Stockmann. What have you obtained to make a report to him about?

Dr. Stockmann. Hm! Leave that to me, Katherine. It is an extraordinarything that the postmale doesn"t come.

(HOVSTAD, BILLING and HORSTER have acquired up from the table and also come intothe sitting-room. EJLIF and MORTEN come in after them.)

Billing (stretching himself). Ah!—one feels a new man after a mealprefer that.

Hovstad. The mayor wasn"t in a very sweet temper tonight, then.

Dr. Stockmann. It is his stomach; he has wretched digestion.

Hovstad. I fairly think it was us two of the "People"s Messenger" thathe couldn"t digest.

Mrs. Stockmann. I assumed you came out of it pretty well with him.

Hovstad. Oh yes; yet it isn"t anything even more than a type of truce.

Billing. That is simply what it is! That word sums up the case.

Dr. Stockmann. We should remember that Peter is a lonely male, negative chap.He has no residence comforts of any kind of kind; nothing however everlasting organization.And all that infernal weak tea wash that he pours right into himself! Nowthen, my boys, bring chairs approximately the table. Aren"t we going to havethat toddy, Katherine?

Mrs. Stockmann (going into the dining-room). I am simply acquiring it.

Dr. Stockmann. Sit down below on the couch next to me, Captain Horster.We so rarely check out you. Please sit down, my friends. (They sit down atthe table. MRS. STOCKMANN brings a tray, with a spirit-lamp, glasses,bottles, etc., upon it.)

Mrs. Stockmann. There you are! This is arrack, and also this is rum, andthis one is the brandy. Now eextremely one need to help themselves.

Dr. Stockmann (taking a glass). We will. (They all mix themselves sometoddy.) And let us have the cigars. Ejlif, you understand wright here the box is.And you, Morten, can fetch my pipe. (The 2 boys go right into the room onthe appropriate.) I have actually a suspicion that Ejlif pockets a cigar currently andthen!—yet I take no alert of it. (Calls out.) And my smoking-cap too,Morten. Katherine, you have the right to tell him wright here I left it. Ah, he has got it.(The boys bring the assorted things.) Now, my friends. I stick to mypipe, you recognize. This one has actually watched plenty of bad weather via me upnorth. (Touches glasses via them.) Your excellent health! Ah, it is good tobe sitting snug and also warm right here.

Mrs. Stockmann (who sits knitting). Do you sail quickly, Captain Horster?

Horster. I intend to be prepared to sail following week.

Mrs. Stockmann. I expect you are going to America?

Horster. Yes, that is the plan.

Mrs. Stockmann. Then you won"t have the ability to take component in the comingelection?

Horster. Is there going to be an election?

Billing. Didn"t you know?

Horster. No, I do not mix myself up through those points.

Billing. But carry out you not take an interemainder in public affairs?

Horster. No, I don"t recognize anything about national politics.

Billing. All the exact same, one ought to vote, at any type of rate.

Horster. Even if one doesn"t know anything around what is going on?

Billing. Doesn"t know! What carry out you suppose by that? A community is like aship; everyone ought to be all set to take the helm.

Horster. Maybe that is all very well on shore; yet on board ship itwouldn"t job-related.

Hovstad. It is astonishing exactly how little bit most sailors treatment around what goekid on shore.

Billing. Very extraordinary.

Dr. Stockmann. Sailors are like birds of passage; they feel equally athouse in any kind of latitude. And that is only a secondary reason for ourbeing all the even more keen, Hovstad. Is there to be anything of publicinteremainder in tomorrow"s "Messenger"?

Hovstad. Nopoint around municipal affairs. But the day after tomorrow Iwas reasoning of printing your article—

Dr. Stockmann. Ah, evil one take it—my article! Look below, that need to waita little.

Hovstad. Really? We had simply obtained convenient room for it, and also I thoughtit was just the opportune moment—

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, yes, exceptionally likely you are right; yet it should waitall the very same. I will certainly define to you later. (PETRA comes in from thehall, in hat and also cloak and also through a bundle of exercise publications under herarm.)

Petra. Good evening.

Dr. Stockmann. Good evening, Petra; come along.

(Mutual greetings; PETRA takes off her points and puts them dvery own on achair by the door.)

Petra. And you have actually all been sitting here enjoying yourselves, while Ihave been out slaving!

Dr. Stockmann. Well, come and gain yourself too!

Billing. May I mix a glass for you?

Petra (coming to the table). Thanks, I would quite do it; you alwaysmix it as well solid. But I forgained, father—I have actually a letter for you. (Goesto the chair wbelow she has actually laid her things.)

Dr. Stockmann. A letter? From whom?

Petra (looking in her coat pocket). The postman offered it to me just as Iwas going out.

Dr. Stockmann (obtaining up and also going to her). And you only give to menow!

Petra. I really had not time to run up aget. Tright here it is!

Dr. Stockmann (seizing the letter). Let"s check out, let"s check out, child! (Looksat the attend to.) Yes, that"s all right!

Mrs. Stockmann. Is it the one you have been expecting go anxiously,Thomas?

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, it is. I have to go to my room now and— Wbelow shall Iget a light, Katherine? Is tbelow no lamp in my room again?

Mrs. Stockmann. Yes, your lamp is already lit on your desk.

Dr. Stockmann. Good, good. Excusage me for a moment—, (Goes into hisresearch.)

Petra. What perform you mean it is, mother?

Mrs. Stockmann. I do not know; for the last day or 2 he has alwaysbeen asking if the postguy has actually not been.

Billing. Probably some country patient.

Petra. Poor old dad!—he will overwork-related himself quickly. (Mixes a glass forherself.) Tbelow, that will certainly taste good!

Hovstad. Have you been teaching in the evening institution aobtain today?

Petra (sipping from her glass). Two hours.

Billing. And four hrs of college in the morning?

Petra. Five hours.

Mrs. Stockmann. And you have still obtained exercises to correct, I watch.

Petra. A entirety heap, yes.

Horster. You are pretty complete up with job-related also, it seems to me.

Petra. Yes—however that is good. One is so delighttotally worn down after it.

Billing. Do you like that?

Petra. Yes, because one sleeps so well then.

Morten. You have to be dreadtotally wicked, Petra.

Petra. Wicked?

Morten. Yes, bereason you job-related so a lot. Mr. Rorlund claims work is apunishment for our sins.

Ejlif. Pooh, what a duffer, you are, to think a thing like that!

Mrs. Stockmann. Come, come, Ejlif!

Billing (laughing). That"s capital!

Hovstad. Don"t you want to job-related as difficult as that, Morten?

Morten. No, indeed I do not.

Hovstad. What carry out you desire to be, then?

Morten. I need to choose best to be a Viking,

Ejlif. You would certainly have to be a pagan then.

Morten. Well, I might become a pagan, couldn"t I?

Billing. I agree with you, Morten! My sentiments, specifically.

Mrs. Stockmann (signalling to him). I am certain that is not true, Mr.Billing.

Billing. Yes, I swear it is! I am a pagan, and also I am proud of it.Believe me, prior to lengthy we shall all be pagans.

Morten. And then shall be allowed to carry out anything we like?

Billing. Well, you"ll watch, Morten.

Mrs. Stockmann. You have to go to your room now, boys; I am certain you havesome lessons to learn for tomorrow.

Ejlif. I should choose so much to remain a small longer—

Mrs. Stockmann. No, no; away you go, both of you, (The boys say goodnight and also go right into the room on the left.)

Hovstad. Do you really think it have the right to carry out the boys any type of damage to hear suchthings?

Mrs. Stockmann. I do not know; but I don"t prefer it.

Petra. But you recognize, mother, I think you really are wrong about it.

Mrs. Stockmann. Maybe, however I don"t favor it—not in our very own residence.

Petra. There is so much falsehood both at home and also at school. At homeone have to not stop, and also at college we have to stand and tell lies to theyoungsters.

Horster. Tell lies?

Petra. Yes, do not you mean we need to teach them all sorts of thingsthat we don"t believe?

Billing. That is perfectly true.

Petra. If just I had the means, I would begin a college of my own; andit would certainly be performed on exceptionally various lines.

Billing. Oh, bvarious other the means—!

Horster. Well if you are reasoning of that, Miss Stockmann, I shall bedelighted to administer you with a schoolroom. The excellent massive old home myfather left me is standing virtually empty; tright here is an immensedining-room downstairs—

Petra (laughing). Thank you very much; but I am afrhelp nopoint willcome of it.

Hovstad. No, Miss Petra is much even more likely to take to journalism, Iintend. By the means, have actually you had actually time to carry out anypoint with that Englishstory you promised to interpret for us?

Petra. No, not yet, yet you shall have it in excellent time.

(DR. STOCKMANN comes in from his room through an open letter in his hand.)

Dr. Stockmann (waving the letter). Well, currently the town will havesomething new to talk about, I can tell you!

Billing. Something new?

Mrs. Stockmann. What is this?

Dr. Stockmann. A great exploration, Katherine.

Hovstad. Really?

Mrs. Stockmann. A exploration of yours?

Dr. Stockmann. A exploration of mine. (Walks up and also dvery own.) Just let themcome saying, as usual, that it is all elaborate and a crazy man"simagination! But they will certainly be careful what they say this time, I cantell you!

Petra. But, father, tell us what it is.

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, yes—only offer me time, and you shall recognize allabout it. If just I had Peter below now! It simply mirrors just how we males deserve to goaround forming our judgments, as soon as in reality we are as blind as anymoles—

Hovstad. What are you driving at, Doctor?

Dr. Stockmann (standing still by the table). Isn"t it the universalopinion that our tvery own is a healthy spot?

Hovstad. Indeed.

Dr. Stockmann. Quite an unusually healthy spot, in fact—a place thatdeserves to be recommfinished in the warmest feasible manner either forinvalids or for people that are well—

Mrs. Stockmann. Yes, but my dear Thomas—

Dr. Stockmann. And we have actually been recommending it and also pincreasing it—I havewritten and composed, both in the "Messenger" and also in pamphallows...

Hovstad. Well, what then?

Dr. Stockmann. And the Baths—we have actually referred to as them the "primary artery ofthe town"s life-blood," the "nerve-centre of our town," and also the devilknows what else—

Billing. "The town"s pulsating heart" was the expression I as soon as supplied onan important occasion.

Dr. Stockmann. Quite so. Well, perform you understand what they really are, theseexcellent, splendid, much praised Baths, that have actually expense so a lot money—doyou understand what they are?

Hovstad. No, what are they?

Mrs. Stockmann. Yes, what are they?

Dr. Stockmann. The totality area is a pest-house!

Petra. The Baths, father?

Mrs. Stockmann (at the same time), Our Baths?

Hovstad. But, Doctor—

Billing. Absolutely incredible!

Dr. Stockmann. The whole Bath facility is a whited, poisonedsepulchre, I tell you—the gravest possible hazard to the publichealth! All the nastiness up at Molledal, all that stinking filth, isinfecting the water in the conduit-pipes resulting in the reservoir; andthe same cursed, filthy poikid oozes out on the shore too—

Horster. Wright here the bathing-place is?

Dr. Stockmann. Just tbelow.

Hovstad. How execute you come to be so specific of all this, Doctor?

Dr. Stockmann. I have actually investigated the issue a lot of conscientiously. Fora long time previous I have suspected something of the kind. Last year wehad actually some extremely strange cases of disease among the visitors—typhoidinstances, and also situations of gastric fever—

Mrs. Stockmann. Yes, that is fairly true.

Dr. Stockmann. At the time, we expected the tourists had been infectedprior to they came; but later on, in the winter, I started to have actually adifferent opinion; and so I set myself to study the water, also asI could.

Mrs. Stockmann. Then that is what you have actually been so busy with?

Dr. Stockmann. Without a doubt I have been busy, Katherine. But right here I had noneof the important clinical apparatus; so I sent samples, both of thedrinking-water and also of the sea-water, approximately the College, to have actually anexact evaluation made by a chemist.

Hovstad. And have actually you gained that?

Dr. Stockmann (mirroring him the letter). Here it is! It proves thepresence of dewriting organic issue in the water—it is complete ofinfusoria. The water is absolutely dangerous to use, either internallyor externally.

Mrs. Stockmann. What a mercy you found it in time.

Dr. Stockmann. You might well say so.

Hovstad. And what execute you propose to do now, Doctor?

Dr. Stockmann. To view the matter put appropriate, naturally.

Hovstad. Can that be done?

Dr. Stockmann. It should be done. Otherwise the Baths will be absolutelyuseless and wasted. But we require not anticipate that; I have actually a veryclear idea what we shall need to execute.

Mrs. Stockmann. But why have actually you maintained this all so key, dear?

Dr. Stockmann. Do you expect I was going to run around the towngossiping about it, prior to I had absolute proof? No, give thanks to you. I amnot such a fool.

Petra. Still, you can have told us—

Dr. Stockmann. Not a living heart. But tomorrow you may run roughly tothe old Badger—

Mrs. Stockmann. Oh, Thomas! Thomas!

Dr. Stockmann. Well, to your grandpa, then. The old boy will havesomething to be astoniburned at! I recognize he thinks I am cracked—and thereare numerous other human being that think so also, I have noticed. But nowthese great folks shall see—they shall just see! (Walks around, rubbinghis hands.) There will certainly be a nice upset in the town, Katherine; youcan not imagine what it will be. All the conduit-pipes will certainly need to berelassist.

Hovstad (obtaining up). All the conduit-pipes—?

Dr. Stockmann. Yes, of course. The intake is too low down; it will haveto be lifted to a position much better up.

Petra. Then you were right after all.

Dr. Stockmann. Ah, you remember, Petra—I composed opposing the plansprior to the work was begun. But at that time no one would certainly listen to me.Well, I am going to let them have actually it currently. Of course I have prepared areport for the Baths Committee; I have had actually it all set for a week, and wasonly waiting for this to come. (Shows the letter.) Now it shall go offat once. (Goes right into his room and also comes ago through some papers.) Look atthat! Four carefully written sheets!—and the letter shall go through them.Give me a bit of paper, Katherine—somepoint to wrap them up in. Thatwill certainly do! Now provide it to-to-(stamps his foot)—what the deuce is hername?—give it to the maid, and also tell her to take it at when to theMayor.

(Mrs. Stockmann takes the packet and goes out with the dining-room.)

Petra. What carry out you think Uncle Peter will certainly say, father?

Dr. Stockmann. What is tbelow for him to say? I have to think he would certainly beincredibly glad that such a critical truth has actually been lugged to light.

Hovstad. Will you let me print a brief note about your exploration in the"Messenger?"

Dr. Stockmann. I shall be exceptionally much obliged if you will.

Hovstad. It is very preferable that the public have to be increated of itwithout delay.

Dr. Stockmann. Undoubtedly.

Mrs. Stockmann (coming back). She has actually simply gone with it.

Billing. Upon my soul, Doctor, you are going to be the foremost man inthe town!

Dr. Stockmann (walking around happily). Nonsense! As a issue offact I have actually done nopoint more than my duty. I have actually just made a luckyfind—that"s all. Still, all the same...

Billing. Hovstad, don"t you think the town must provide Dr. Stockmannsome kind of testimonial?

Hovstad. I will certainly indicate it, anymethod.

Billing. And I will certainly stop to Aslaksen about it.

Dr. Stockmann. No, my good friends, don"t let us have actually any of thatnonsense. I won"t hear anypoint of the type. And if the Baths Committeehave to think of voting me a boost of salary, I will certainly not accept it.Do you hear, Katherine?—I will not accept it.

Mrs. Stockmann. You are fairly best, Thomas.

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Petra (lifting her glass). Your wellness, father!

Hovstad and also Billing. Your health, Doctor! Good health!

Horster (touches glasses through DR. STOCKMANN). I hope it will certainly carry younothing yet great luck.

Dr. Stockmann. Thank you, thank you, my dear fellows! I feelsignificantly happy! It is a splendid thing for a male to be able to feelthat he has done a organization to his native town and to hisfellow-citizens. Hurrah, Katherine! (He puts his arms round her andwhirls her round and also round, while she protests via laughing cries.They all laugh, clap their hands, and cheer the DOCTOR. The boys puttheir heads in at the door to see what is going on.)